SAM CARANA ON - July 2019 Hottest Month On Record - NSDIC ON - Europe’s warm air spikes GreenEland melting to record levels - THE NET EFFECT - "THE BIG ONE" Continues to PLUNGE! "ICE FREE 2020 - BLUE OCEAN 2021!" HELL ON EARTH BY 2025-2030! OMG!
8/9/19 SAM CARANA ON - July's Record Breaking Heat and NSDIC On Europe's Heatwave Spiking Greenland's Ice Melt. The NET EFFECT:
"THE BIG ONE!" - "ARCTIC SEA ICE EXTENT" - PLUNGES TO EVER LOWER LOWS - VERSUS 2012 AND ALL OTHER YEARS! ALL I HAVE TO SAY IS. . . .
. . . . "FRY BABY FRY" - - EVIL RICH THEIR WHORES AND LUNATIC SUPPORTERS - WHEN YOU - - "DIE BABY DIE!" . . . .
. . . . "THANK GOD!" - - "It Is THE END!"
July 2019 Hottest Month On Record
The July 2019 temperature was on a par with, and possibly marginally higher than, that of July 2016, according to a World Meteorological Organization (WMO) news release pointing an image by the Copernicus Climate Change Programme that is used as the background for above image.
Previously, July 2016 was the hottest month on record with a global land and ocean temperature of 16.67°C (62.01°F), or 3.25°C above the pre-industrial temperature of 13.42°C (56.16°F) and surpassing the record set before that, in July 2015.
There's a spread of more than 3°C between the coldest and hottest monthly temperatures, in line with the seasonal cycle. Since the land/sea ratio is larger on the Northern Hemisphere and land heats up faster than oceans, July typically is the hottest month of the year, so the annual mean temperature for the year 2019 will be somewhat lower than the temperature for July 2019. An earlier analysis points at a potential mean temperature for 2019 of 15.27°C, or 1.85°C above pre-industrial, but depending on the strength of El Niño over the remainder of the year, 2019 could even cross the 2°C guardrail that politicians at the Paris Agreement pledged would not be crossed.
As temperatures keep rising, there are places on the northern hemisphere where the July heat is becoming ever harder to bear.
The image on the right shows that on July 29, 2019, it felt like it was as hot as 57.2°C or 135°F in China (in the area marked by the green circle).
How could it get this hot? As the image underneath on the right shows, the temperature in that area was 35.1°C or 95.1°F (at the right circle), while it was much hotter at some places elsewhere in China, e.g. it was 41.5°C or 106.6°F at the left circle on July 29, 2019.
What made the weather so hard to bear was a combination of high temperature and high relative humidity, which was 81% in the area at the circle on the right at the time.
The jet stream is becoming ever more deformed as the Arctic heats up faster than the rest of the world. On July 29, 2019, the jet stream was all over the place, with a strong presence north of the circle, which made warm, moist air from the south move over China.
Since the Arctic continues to heat up faster than the rest of the world, such situations are likely to become more common.
Wet Bulb Temperature
The temperature in that area of 35.1°C, at 81% relative humidity and a pressure level of 1004 hPa, translates into a wet bulb temperature of 32.11°C.
Had the temperature remained at 35.1°C, but had relative humidity kept rising to 100%, i.e. rainfall, the wet bulb temperature threshold of 35°C would have been exceeded (35.01°C). Alternatively, had relative humidity remained at 81%, but had the temperature kept rising to 38.2°C, the wet bulb temperature threshold of 35°C would equally have been exceeded (35.07°C), showing how dangerous the situation is. A wet bulb temperature of 35°C can be lethal, as the human body will be unable to lose heat, even when the wind is strong and no matter how much one drinks or sweats.
The situation is dire and calls for comprehensive and effective action, as described in the Climate Plan.
• Another exceptional month for global average temperatures, Copernicus Climate Change Service, ECMWF
• July matched, and maybe broke, the record for the hottest month since analysis began
• NOAA Global Climate Report - July 2016
• Most Important Message Ever
• How Much Warming Have Humans Caused?
• It could be unbearably hot in many places within a few years time
• Peaks Matter
• Extinction Alert
• Climate Plan
Europe’s warm air spikes Greenland melting to record levels (NSIDC)
Warm air from Europe’s heat wave reached Greenland on July 29 and 30, setting temperature records at Summit Station and melting about 90 percent of the ice sheet surface from July 30 to August 3. Melt runoff was estimated at 55 billion tons during the interval, or about 40 billion tons more than the 1981 to 2010 average for the same time period. Overall, melting this July was much higher than average, leading to more extensive bare ice and flooded snow areas.
A rapid increase in surface melting on the Greenland ice sheet began on July 30 and continued through August 3, covering primarily the central and northern areas of the ice sheet on both the east and west ice sheet slopes. On July 30 and 31, melting reached the Summit Camp area of the ice sheet, corroborated by both air temperature from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) weather station at Summit and the passive-microwave melt analysis. Peak melt area occurred on July 31, with just over 60 percent of the ice sheet surface experiencing melt (Figure 1a). Over the course of the five-day event approximately 90 percent of the surface of Greenland reached the melting point at least once.
The daily sum of melt area in July was 397,560 square kilometers (154,500 square miles), well above the 1988 to 2017 average of 337,945 square kilometers (130,481 square miles). The 1988 to 2017 range is a 30-year record of daily melt mapping for Greenland in summer. Melt area mapping from 1979 to 1987, on the other hand, recorded every other day, using a earlier passive microwave satellite.
Cumulatively, the 2019 season sum of melt area for every day is tracking well behind 2012, the satellite-era record for total melt-day area, and slightly behind 2016 (Figure 1b). However, total ice mass loss for 2019 is nearly equal to 2012 because of low winter snowfall. Early melting of the surface in 2019 quickly removed the snow accumulation from winter, and deeper melting this month has eroded older snow and ice over large areas of the western side of Greenland.
Surface air temperatures during the warm event over Greenland peaked to 12 degrees Celsius (22 degrees Fahrenheit) above the 1981 to 2010 reference period, and averaged 3 to 9 degrees Celsius (5 to 16 degrees Fahrenheit) above the reference period over nearly the entire ice sheet for the five-day period. High pressure was centered over the ice sheet during the event.
Extreme warm air conditions were present over western Europe in late July, as desert air from the Sahara moved northward. Following the record high temperatures in France, the Netherlands, and Germany, counterclockwise airflow around a low pressure in the North Atlantic brought the warm air mass from Scandinavia to Iceland and then to Greenland. As warm air arrived at Summit Station, Greenland, a prolonged period of near-freezing to above-freezing temperatures occurred on July 30 and 31. In a place where the sun sits low on the horizon at night, these temperatures are unprecedented in the period of observations for this site, which began in 1987. Temperatures dropped further on the night of July 31, but came close to melting again on August 1. With air incoming from the east and some cloudiness in the south of Greenland, melting was amplified on the western side by heating from air compression in downslope winds, increasing the surface melting and runoff. The westward movement of the warm air mass is unusual. Most recent warm events, such as the widespread melting earlier this year, and in July and August of 2012, were a result of air masses coming from the southwest and up along the western Greenland coast.
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