THIS IS "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION & POLICE STATE AGENDA!" "THEY ARE KILLING US!" THE NORDIC COUNTRIES / DEMOCRACIES - SWEDEN VS DENMARK - VS THE TOTALITARIAN EMPIRES: SATAN'S EMPIRE - XI JINPING'S & VLAD'S EMPIRES! "THANK GOD!" "It Is THE END!"
5/11/20 - THE - ONLY WAY - EVIL TOTALITARIAN DESPOT DONNIE THE DUNCE. . AND . . .
. . . PENCIE THE ANTI-CHRIST'S ACTIONS AND LIES MAKE ANY SENSE, IS IF . . . . .
. . . "THEY ARE KILLING US!". . . WHILE THEY . . . "STEAL EVERYTHING FROM US!" . . . . .
. . ."FUCKING UP!" . . "EVERYTHING!" . . REMDESIVIR - TEST KITS - PPE - TRUMPELATORS!
. . . CLOSING DOWN - ALL - PANDEMIC RESPONSE CAPABILITIES OF SATAN'S EMPIRE!
. . . THE FIRST THREE YEARS - OF - "TRUMP'S REIGN OF TERROR!" . . . . . .
. . . SLASHING MEDICAID BY NEARLY $2 TRILLION, MEDICARE BY NEARLY $1 TRILLION. . .
. . . CUOMO SLASHES MEDICAID BY $2.5 BILLION, CUTS 20,000 HOSPITAL BEDS! . . .
. . . FROM JAN-SEP / 19 - THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION EXECUTED A "TEST" CALLED . . .
. . . "CRIMSON CONTAGION" - TO SEE HOW MANY WOULD "DIE" WHEN . . .
. . . TRUMP / PENCE & FAUCI RELEASED - "THE TRUMP PENCE FAUCI CORONAVIRUS!"
. . . TO - DEPOPULATE - PLANET EVIL GREED! . . . . INSURING OUR . . . .
. . . "HORRIFIC DEMISE!" . . . THEN THEIR RESPONSE WAS 3X'S AS BAD AS THEY ASSUMED!
. . . . "FILLING UP THEIR - LIFE - MEGA YACHTS, PRIVATE ISLANDS. . . .
. . . . UNENDING MANSIONS AND THEIR UNDERGROUND CITIES!" . . . .
. . . . WITH - "OUR TRILLIONS AND TRILLIONS" . . . OVER AND OVER . . . .
. . . . TOP .1% GET MOST OF THE $2 TRILLION TAX CUT . . . . .
. . . . TOP .1% GET MOST OF THE SOON TO BE TENS OF TRILLIONS IN "BAILOUT FUNDS!"
. . . . YOU - PURE EVIL BEASTS - TRUMPET THE DUNCE DICTATOR. . . AND . . . .
. . . . PENCE - THE ANTI-CHRIST - HAVE - "OUT EVILED" - CHENEY AND BUSHIT!
. . . . DOING 9/11 TO US! TO THE US AND WORLD! INSURING OUR DEMISE!
. . . "BLOWING UP THE GLOBAL ASSET BUBBLES" . . . . .
. . . . "RAPING FLEECING PILLAGING CHURNING AND BURNING" . . . . .
. . . . BILLIONS OF GOD'S PEOPLE! . . . FOR YOUR INSANE PURE EVIL TRILLIONS! . . . .
. . . . ON THE WAY UP THE ASSET BUBBLES! THE FLEECE-OUTS! TAX CUTS!
. . . . SPENDING CUTS ON - "THE REST!" . . "CLIMATE CHANGE" . . "PANDEMICS!"
. . . . "THIEVES - THUGS - AND - THEIR WHORES!" . . NOTHING MORE! . . THIS IS . . .
. . . . "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!"
. . . . ENJOY - "THE HELL BEYOND ALL HELLS" - YOU - "DAMNED ME" - "TO SUFFER IN!"
. . . . THAT - "YOU EVIL BEASTS" - "DAMNED MY CHILDREN, SPECIES AND PLANET" . . .
. . . . TO SUFFER IN - NEEDLESSLY - FOR - "YOUR PURE EVIL GREED!" FOR ETERNITY!
PENCE - YOU DISGUSTING - PURE EVIL - MONEY SLUT! . . . . THE ANTI-CHRIST!
. . . . WATCH THE ER DOCTOR DRILL PENCE ABOUT THE - CRITICAL CUTS IN . . . .
. . . . MEDICAID AND MEDICARE! THAT ARE . . . "KILLING PEOPLE AGGRESSIVELY!"
. . . . PENCE - RETORTS - WHAT CUTS? SEE BELOW AN ARTICLE ON THIS YEARS CUTS!
. . . . PENCE - THEN STATES THE STANDARD - NEOLIBERAL RESPONSE . . . .
. . . . "WE CAN AGREE TO DISAGREE!" . . WE DON'T SEE IT THAT WAY! . . . .
. . . . TO WHICH MY FATHER WILL SAY . . . . . . .
. . . . "DEPART FROM ME - PURE EVIL INIQUITY MONEY MONSTERS!" . . . . . .
. . . . "PURE EVIL INIQUITY MONEY SLUTS" . . . . . . .
. . . . "PURE EVIL INIQUITY SUPREME INJUSTICES" . . . . . . .
. . . . . "PURE EVIL - ALL FOR ME - FUCK YOU!" . . . CORPORATE MERCENARIES! . . . .
. . . . "PURE EVIL INIQUITY MONEY MONSTERS - ANTI-CHRISTIAN OPERATORS!" . . AND . .
. . . . THE EVIL MONEY MONSTERS . . "LEGIONS OF LUNATIC DEPLORABLE OPERATORS!"
. . . . TO THE HELL THAT HAS BEEN . . . . .
. . . . PREPARED FROM THE BEGINNING OF MANKIND! . . . . . .
. . . . "THE HELL BEYOND ALL HELLS" . . THAT . . "YOUR PURE EVIL GREED CREATED!"
The Final Judgment - COMING SOON!
31 “When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. 32 Before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. 33 And he will place the sheep on his right (LEFT!), but the goats on the left (RIGHT!).
34 Then the King will say to those on his right (LEFT!), ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. 35 For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me, 36 I was naked and you clothed me, I was sick and you visited me, I was in prison and you came to me.’
37 Then the righteous will answer him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you drink? 38 And when did we see you a stranger and welcome you, or naked and clothe you? 39 And when did we see you sick or in prison and visit you?’
40 And the King will answer them, ‘Truly, I say to you, as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers,[a] you did it to me.’
41 “Then he will say to those on his left (RIGHT!), ‘Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.
42 For I was hungry and you gave me no food, I was thirsty and you gave me no drink, 43 I was a stranger and you did not welcome me, naked and you did not clothe me, sick and in prison and you did not visit me.’
44 Then they also will answer, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did not minister to you?’
45 Then he will answer them, saying, ‘Truly, I say to you, as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to me.’
46 And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”
. . . . . . FATHER IT IS FINISHED! . . . . . .
. . . . . "THANK GOD!" - - "It Is THE END!"
PENCE - "THE ANTI-CHRIST!" LIE LIE LIE LIE LIE LIE LIE LIE LIE! . . . . .
. . . . WHAT CUTS TO MEDICAID? PENCE SAYS TO THE ER DOCTOR BELOW! . . . .
Trump said he wouldn’t cut Medicaid, Social Security, and Medicare. His 2020 budget cuts all 3
Trump said he wouldn’t be like “every other Republican.” He is.
By Tara Golshan Mar 12, 2019, 2:40 pm EDT
President Donald Trump’s 2020 budget breaks one of his biggest campaign promises to voters: that he would leave Medicaid, Social Security, and Medicare untouched.
“I’m not going to cut Social Security like every other Republican and I’m not going to cut Medicare or Medicaid,” Trump told the Daily Signal, a conservative publication affiliated with the Heritage Foundation, in 2015.
Over the next 10 years, Trump’s 2020 budget proposal aims to spend $1.5 trillion less on Medicaid — instead allocating $1.2 trillion in a block-grant program to states — $25 billion less on Social Security, and $845 billion less on Medicare (some of that is reclassified to a different department). Their intentions are to cut benefits under Medicaid and Social Security. The impact on Medicare is more complicated, which I’ll get into a bit later.
Over time, the Trump administration tried to whittle down the president’s promise to just Social Security and Medicare. Office of Management and Budget Deputy Director Russ Vought said Monday, March 11, that Trump is “keeping his commitment to Americans by not making changes to Medicare and Social Security.” But even that is not true.
Like “every other Republican,” Trump has repeatedly proposed and supported cutting these programs. The White House did not respond to a request for comment.
"HELLLLLLLP! . . . . . PAPA! . . . . . HELLLLLP . . . . PLEASE COME AND. . . . . .
. . . . . "SAVE US" - FROM - "THE PURE EVIL MONEY MONSTERS" . . . . .
. . . . . "THEIR - PURE EVIL MONEY SLUTS," . . . THERE . . . . .
. . . . . "LEGIONS OF LUNATIC DEPLORABLES," . . . . . . AND . . . . .
. . . . . "THE ANTI-CHRISTIANS!". . . . NOW! . . PLEASE! . .PLEASE! . .
. . . . . . PLEASE - WITH ALL OF - "YOUR LOVE" - PLEASE! . . . THE TAKE US . . . . .
. . . . . . HOME TO HEAVEN . . . IN . . "YOUR LOVE!" . . . .
. . . . . . FATHER - MOTHER - AND - MAMMA! . . . PAPA - SARAYU AND MAMMA!
. . . . . "HELP US PLEASE!" . . . . WE PRAY! . . . . PLEASE FORGIVE US FOR OUR . . . .
. . . . "PURE EVIL DRIVEN INSANE GREED!" . . "GENERALLY SPEAKING!" . . AND FOR . .
. . . . . "NOT TAKING CARE OF - "THOSE IN NEED!" . . . INSTEAD SUPPORTING . . . .
. . . . . "ALL FOR THE RUTHLESSLY GREEDY!" - - "FUCK THE NEEDY - RUTHLESSLY!" . . .
. . . . PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE . . . FORGIVE US FOR ALL THE WAYS WERE WERE NOT . . .
. . . . "ONE" - IN - "YOUR LOVE!" . . "BECOME ONE" . . WITH . . "THE GOD OF LOVE!" NOW!
. . . . "PLEASE COME DOWN TO - PLANET EVIL GRED!" AND CONSIDER . . . . . .
. . . . "RAISING OUR SPIRITS UP TO YOUR LOVE FOR ETERNITY - JULY 4TH!" . . .
. . . . OR GIVE US THE - "PEACE OF YOUR LOVE" - TO . . . . . .
. . . . "RAISE OUR SPIRITS UP TO YOU!" . . . ON . . ASCENSION THURSDAY 2022! . . . .
. . . . OR WHEN - "YOU" - CAN'T STAND THIS - PURE EVIL GREED DRIVEN INSANE PLANET!
. . . . "MESSAGE FROM MY FATHER, MOTHER AND MAMMA!" . . THE GOOD PEOPLE . . . . .
. . . . ARE - NOT - COMMITING SUICIDE! . . . THE EVIL MONEY MONSTERS HAVE . . . .
. . . . "KILLED ALL OF US!" - - THEY ARE - - "GUILTY" - - OF - - "GLOBAL OMNICIDE!" . . . .
. . . . "YOU" AND "GOD" - ARE - "TOGETHER" - DECIDING WHEN TO . . . . . .
. . . . "RAISE YOUR SPIRITS UP TO - GOD'S LOVE!" . . . FOR ETERNITY! . . . . .
. . . . IN THE MOST - "PEACEFUL" - TIME - WHEN - "YOU HAVE HAD - ENOUGH!" . . . .
. . . . "OF THE - PURE HELL - THAT - THE EVIL MONEY MONSTERS - HAVE" . . . .
. . . . "DAMNED ALL OF US TO SUFFER - NEEDLESSLY!" . . FOR THEIR - "PURE EVIL GREED!"
READ MY POSTS:
"GET YOUR SUCK BAGS NOW!" EVIL TRUMP PENCE - RIGHT WING - INSURE - "THE MOST HORRIFIC CASE" - 10 MILLION PLUS US DEATHS! EVIL IDIOTS! "THE HAMMER AND THE DANCE!" MARKET OR GOVERNMENT PRICING AND ALLOCATION?! "THANK GOD!" - - "It Is THE END!"
. . . . . "THANK GOD!" - - "It Is THE END!"
5/6/20 - AS MUCH AS I HAVE BECOME A FAN OF THE NAME. . . . . .
. . ."NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" . . AS ONE VIROLOGIST STATED . . (click for links) . . .
. . ."IT IS UNLIKE ANY PATHOGEN THE WORLD HAS EVER SEEN!" . . READ BELOW . . .
. . .TRUMP'S - DR. ANTHONY FAUCI - PAID TO DESIGN & DEVELOP THIS VIRUS . . . .
. . TO BE - "THE MOST TRANSMISSIBLE, CONTAGIOUS, AND DEADLY VIRUS!" EVER! . .
. . IN HONOR OF - DR. FAUCI - INSURING OUR - "HORRIFIC DEMISE" - RAPIDLY!
. . "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS!" - - I RENAME - - "THE FAUCI CORONAVIRUS!"
. . GO - SATAN'S STATES OF EVIL GREED - KILL EVERYONE - RAPIDLY!
. . THE PURE EVIL - SATAN'S MAFIA MONEY MONSTERS & EVIL MONEY SLUTS THINK . . .
. . "THEY AND THEIRS" WILL SURVIVE THE COMING - "HELL OF ALL HELLS" DUE TO . . . .
. . OVERPOPULATION OVERSHOOT OF THE CARRYING CAPACITY OF PLANET EVIL GREED!
. . AND - "ABRUPT CLIMATE CHANGE" - "HELL OF ALL HELLS" ON EARTH! . . . . .
ALSO READ MY PRIOR POSTS (CLICK ON - POSTS - ABOVE - FOR ALL POSTS):
. . MESSAGE FROM GOD! . . YOU WILL NOT SURVIVE THE . . . . .
. . "HELL BEYOND HELL" - YOUR PURE EVIL GREED CAUSED! . . . . . .
. . EVIL MONEY MONSTERS - EVIL MONEY SLUTS - AND OPERATORS! . . .
. . YOU WILL FRY IN THE VERY - "HELL BEYOND ALL HELLS" - YOU DAMNED - "ME!" . . . .
. . YOU DAMNED - "MY CHILDREN, MY SPECIES, MY PLANET!" - TO SUFFER IN NEEDLESSLY
. . "FOR YOUR PURE EVIL GREED!" - - "FOR ETERNITY!" . . . .
. . "THANK GOD!" - - "It Is THE END!"
5/4/20 - Coronavirus Live Updates: As States Move to Reopen, 2 Projections Show Deaths Rising
The Supreme Court hears a case remotely for the first time. An internal Trump administration report projects about 200,000 new cases each day by the end of the month. New York’s governor details requirements for reopening.
A University of Washington forecast frequently cited by the White House projected a death toll of more than double what it was predicting last month, citing the “easing of social distancing measures” in many states.
Here’s what you need to know:
A Trump administration projection and a public model both predict deaths rising as states reopen.As President Trump presses for states to reopen their economies, his administration is privately projecting a steady rise in the number of coronavirus cases and deaths over the next several weeks. The daily death toll will reach about 3,000 on June 1, according to an internal document obtained by The New York Times, nearly double the current number of about 1,750.
The projections, based on government modeling pulled together in chart form by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, forecast about 200,000 new cases each day by the end of the month, up from about 25,000 cases a day currently.
MY GUESSTIMATE: CASES SKYROCKET TO 500,000 CASES PER DAY AND 150,000 DEATHS, BY AUGUST! . . . .
. . . . . SKYROCKETING TO 1 MILLION PER DAY, WITH 3, MILLION DEATHS, BY NOVEMBER.
The numbers underscore a sobering reality: While the United States has been hunkered down for the past seven weeks, significant risks remain. And reopening the economy will make matters worse.
“There remains a large number of counties whose burden continues to grow,” the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warned.
As the administration privately predicted a sharp increase in deaths, a public model that has been frequently cited by the White House revised its own estimates and projected a death toll of more than double what it was predicting last month.
The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington is now estimating that there will be nearly 135,000 deaths in the U.S. through the beginning of August — more than double what it forecast on April 17, when it estimated 60,308 deaths by Aug. 4. (There have already been more than 68,000 deaths in the U.S.)
The institute wrote that the revisions “reflect rising mobility in most U.S. states as well as the easing of social distancing measures expected in 31 states by May 11, indicating that growing contacts among people will promote transmission of the coronavirus.”
The projections confirm the primary fear of public health experts: that a reopening of the economy will put the nation back where it was in mid-March, when cases were rising so rapidly in some parts of the country that patients were dying on gurneys in hospital hallways as the health care system was overloaded.
See the internal report.
“While mitigation didn’t fail, I think it’s fair to say that it didn’t work as well as we expected,” Dr. Scott Gottlieb, Mr. Trump’s former commissioner of food and drugs, said Sunday on the CBS program Face the Nation. “We expected that we would start seeing more significant declines in new cases and deaths around the nation at this point. And we’re just not seeing that.”
On Sunday, Mr. Trump said deaths in the United States could reach 100,000, twice as many as he had forecast just two weeks ago. But his new estimate still underestimates what his own administration is now predicting to be the total death toll by the end of May — much less in the months to come. It follows a pattern for Mr. Trump, who has frequently understated the impact of the disease.
“We’re going to lose anywhere from 75, 80 to 100,000 people,” he said in a virtual town hall on Fox News on Sunday. “That’s a horrible thing. We shouldn’t lose one person over this.”
The White House responded that the new projections had not been vetted.
“This is not a White House document, nor has it been presented to the coronavirus task force or gone through interagency vetting,” said Judd Deere, a White House spokesman. “This data is not reflective of any of the modeling done by the task force or data that the task force has analyzed.”
“The president’s phased guidelines to open up America again are a scientific-driven approach that the top health and infectious disease experts in the federal government agreed with,” he added.
After the new projections were reported on Monday, Dr. Gottlieb wrote on Twitter that a lingering threat from the virus would be “our new normal.”
“While the model’s assumptions are unclear, and therefore its estimates uncertain, we should expect cases to rise as we re-open aspects of economy,” he wrote.
Some states that have partially reopened are still seeing an increase in cases, including Iowa, Minnesota, Tennessee and Texas, according to Times data. Indiana, Kansas and Nebraska also are seeing an increase in cases and reopened some businesses on Monday. Alaska has also reopened and is seeing a small number of increasing cases.
While the country has stabilized, it has not really improved, as shown by data collected by The Times. Case and death numbers remain on a numbing, tragic plateau that is tilting only slightly downward.
At least 1,000 people with the virus, and sometimes more than 2,000, have died every day for the last month. On a near-daily basis, at least 25,000 new cases of the virus are being identified across the country. And even as New York City, New Orleans and Detroit have shown improvement, other urban centers, including Chicago and Los Angeles, are reporting steady growth in the number of cases.
The situation has devolved most significantly in parts of rural America that were largely spared in the early stages of the pandemic. As food processing facilities and prisons have emerged as some of the country’s largest case clusters, the counties that include Logansport, Ind., South Sioux City, Neb., and Marion, Ohio, have surpassed New York City in cases per capita.
. . . . . . "THANK GOD!" - - "It Is THE END!"
IS THIS . . "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!?" . . .
(click on blue text for prior posts, article and other links)
DR. FAUCI - THE ONE "APPARENTLY" LEGITIMATE MEMBER OF - EVIL DONNIE'S TEAM . . .
. . . . INVESTED MILLIONS - IN THE WUHAN VIROLOGY INSTITUTE . . . .
But just last year, the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the organization led by Dr. Fauci, funded scientists at the Wuhan Institute of Virology and other institutions for work on gain-of-function research on bat coronaviruses.
TO - "CREATE - THE - EASILY TRANSMISSIBLE - HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS - VERY DEADLY" . . .
. . . . . . "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS!"
THIS IS . . "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!?" . . .
. . . . "THANK GOD!" . . . . "It Is THE END!"
5/2/20 - WATCH CHRIS MARTENSON'S EXCELLENT VIDEO ON THIS IMPORTANT ISSUE. . . . . AS ONE ARTICLE STATES BY A LEADING VIROLOGY DOCTOR . . . . .
"NAKITA CORONAVIRUS"- ACTS LIKE NO PATHOGEN HUMANITY HAS EVER SEEN!
. . . . . DR. FAUCI BACKED CONTROVERSIAL WUHAN LAB WITH MILLIONS OF U.S. DOLLARS FOR RISKY CORONAVIRUS RESEARCH
BY FRED GUTERL ON 4/28/20 AT 2:57 PM EDT
Dr. Anthony Fauci is an adviser to President Donald Trump and something of an American folk hero for his steady, calm leadership during the pandemic crisis. At least one poll shows that Americans trust Fauci more than Trump on the coronavirus pandemic—and few scientists are portrayed on TV by Brad Pitt.
But just last year, the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the organization led by Dr. Fauci, funded scientists at the Wuhan Institute of Virology and other institutions for work on gain-of-function research on bat coronaviruses.
In 2019, with the backing of NIAID, the National Institutes of Health committed $3.7 million over six years for research that included some gain-of-function work. The program followed another $3.7 million, 5-year project for collecting and studying bat coronaviruses, which ended in 2019, bringing the total to $7.4 million.
Many scientists have criticized gain of function research, which involves manipulating viruses in the lab to explore their potential for infecting humans, because it creates a risk of starting a pandemic from accidental release.
I REST MY CASE! . . . . . .
THIS IS "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!?" . . .
SARS-CoV-2 , the virus now causing a global pandemic, is believed to have originated in bats. U.S. intelligence, after originally asserting that the coronavirus had occurred naturally, conceded last month that the pandemic may have originated in a leak from the Wuhan lab. (At this point most scientists say it's possible—but not likely—that the pandemic virus was engineered or manipulated.)
Dr. Fauci did not respond to Newsweek's requests for comment. NIH responded with a statement that said in part: "Most emerging human viruses come from wildlife, and these represent a significant threat to public health and biosecurity in the US and globally, as demonstrated by the SARS epidemic of 2002-03, and the current COVID-19 pandemic.... scientific research indicates that there is no evidence that suggests the virus was created in a laboratory."
The NIH research consisted of two parts. The first part began in 2014 and involved surveillance of bat coronaviruses, and had a budget of $3.7 million. The program funded Shi Zheng-Li, a virologist at the Wuhan lab, and other researchers to investigate and catalogue bat coronaviruses in the wild. This part of the project was completed in 2019.
A second phase of the project, beginning that year, included additional surveillance work but also gain-of-function research for the purpose of understanding how bat coronaviruses could mutate to attack humans. The project was run by EcoHealth Alliance, a non-profit research group, under the direction of President Peter Daszak, an expert on disease ecology. NIH canceled the project just this past Friday, April 24th, Politico reported. Daszak did not immediately respond to Newsweek requests for comment.
The project proposal states: "We will use S protein sequence data, infectious clone technology, in vitro and in vivo infection experiments and analysis of receptor binding to test the hypothesis that % divergence thresholds in S protein sequences predict spillover potential."
In layman's terms, "spillover potential" refers to the ability of a virus to jump from animals to humans, which requires that the virus be able to attach to receptors in the cells of humans. SARS-CoV-2, for instance, is adept at binding to the ACE2 receptor in human lungs and other organs.
According to Richard Ebright, an infectious disease expert at Rutgers University, the project description refers to experiments that would enhance the ability of bat coronavirus to infect human cells and laboratory animals using techniques of genetic engineering. In the wake of the pandemic, that is a noteworthy detail.
Ebright, along with many other scientists, has been a vocal opponent of gain-of-function research because of the risk it presents of creating a pandemic through accidental release from a lab.
Dr. Fauci is renowned for his work on the HIV/AIDS crisis in the 1990s. Born in Brooklyn, he graduated first in his class from Cornell University Medical College in 1966. As head of NIAID since 1984, he has served as an adviser to every U.S. president since Ronald Reagan.
A decade ago, during a controversy over gain-of-function research on bird-flu viruses, Dr. Fauci played an important role in promoting the work. He argued that the research was worth the risk it entailed because it enables scientists to make preparations, such as investigating possible anti-viral medications, that could be useful if and when a pandemic occurred.
The work in question was a type of gain-of-function research that involved taking wild viruses and passing them through live animals until they mutate into a form that could pose a pandemic threat.
Scientists used it to take a virus that was poorly transmitted among humans and make it into one that was highly transmissible—a hallmark of a pandemic virus.
This work was done by infecting a series of ferrets, allowing the virus to mutate until a ferret that hadn't been deliberately infected contracted the disease.
The work entailed risks that worried even seasoned researchers. More than 200 scientists called for the work to be halted. The problem, they said, is that it increased the likelihood that a pandemic would occur through a laboratory accident.
China Suggests U.S. Is 'Hiding Something' About Its Coronavirus Response
Dr. Fauci defended the work. "[D]etermining the molecular Achilles' heel of these viruses can allow scientists to identify novel antiviral drug targets that could be used to prevent infection in those at risk or to better treat those who become infected," wrote Fauci and two co-authors in the Washington Post on December 30, 2011. "Decades of experience tells us that disseminating information gained through biomedical research to legitimate scientists and health officials provides a critical foundation for generating appropriate countermeasures and, ultimately, protecting the public health."
Nevertheless, in 2014, under pressure from the Obama administration, the National of Institutes of Health instituted a moratorium on the work, suspending 21 studies.
Three years later, though—in December 2017—the NIH ended the moratorium and the second phase of the NIAID project, which included the gain-of-function research, began. The NIH established a framework for determining how the research would go forward: scientists have to get approval from a panel of experts, who would decide whether the risks were justified.
The reviews were indeed conducted—but in secret, for which the NIH has drawn criticism. In early 2019, after a reporter for Science magazine discovered that the NIH had approved two influenza research projects that used gain of function methods, scientists who oppose this kind of research excoriated the NIH in an editorial in the Washington Post.
"We have serious doubts about whether these experiments should be conducted at all," wrote Tom Inglesby of Johns Hopkins University and Marc Lipsitch of Harvard. "[W]ith deliberations kept behind closed doors, none of us will have the opportunity to understand how the government arrived at these decisions or to judge the rigor and integrity of that process." . . . . . .
I REST MY CASE! . . . . . . THIS IS . . . . . .
. . . "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!?" . . .
. . . . . . "THANK GOD!" - - "It Is THE END!"
5/1/20 - Expert report predicts up to two more years of pandemic misery
By Maggie Fox, CNN
Updated 10:58 AM ET, Fri May 1, 2020
(CNN)The new coronavirus is likely to keep spreading for at least another 18 months to two years—until 60% to 70% of the population has been infected, a team of longstanding pandemic experts predicted in a report released Thursday.
They recommended that the US prepare for a worst-case scenario that includes a second big wave of coronavirus infections in the fall and winter. Even in a best-case scenario, people will continue to die from the virus, they predicted.
"This thing's not going to stop until it infects 60 to 70 percent of people," Mike Osterholm, who directs the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP) at the University of Minnesota, told CNN.
"The idea that this is going to be done soon defies microbiology."Osterholm has been writing about the risk of pandemics for 20 years and has advised several presidents. He wrote the report along with Harvard School of Public Health epidemiologist Marc Lipsitch, who is also a top expert on pandemics; Dr. Kristine Moore, a former Centers for Disease Control and Prevention epidemiologist who is now medical director for CIDRAP; and historian John Barry, who wrote the 2004 book "The Great Influenza" about the 1918 flu pandemic.
Waiting for herd immunity
Because Covid-19 is new, no one has any immunity, they said. "The length of the pandemic will likely be 18 to 24 months, as herd immunity gradually develops in the human population," they wrote.
Their predictions are different from models presented by groups such as the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington or the models produced by Imperial College London, whose report predicting millions of deaths in the US and UK helped galvanize responses by both governments.
The CIDRAP-led team used those reports, historical data on past pandemics, and published reports about the medical details of Covid-19 to put together their forecast.
"I have said for a long time that when you are trying to understand how infectious disease is going to unfold, you should rely on history as well as models," Lipsitch told CNN. For instance, pandemic infections don't tend to die down in the summer, like seasonal flu does., he said.
Covid-19 is most comparable to a pandemic strain of influenza, they said.
"Because of a longer incubation period, more asymptomatic spread, and a higher R0, COVID-19 appears to spread more easily than flu," they wrote in the report. R0 is the average number of other people infected by each patient.
"A higher R0 means more people will need to get infected and become immune before the pandemic can end," they add. "Based on the most recent flu pandemics, this outbreak will likely last 18 to 24 months."
Preparing for the worst
They said government officials should stop telling people the pandemic could be ending and instead prepare citizens for a long haul.
Three scenarios are possible, they said:
Scenario 1: The first wave of Covid-19 in spring 2020 is followed by a series of repetitive smaller waves that occur through the summer and then consistently over a one- to two-year period, gradually diminishing sometime in 2021
Scenario 2: The first wave of Covid-19 is followed by a larger wave in the fall or winter and one or more smaller waves in 2021. "This pattern will require the reinstitution of mitigation measures in the fall in an attempt to drive down spread of infection and prevent healthcare systems from being overwhelmed," they wrote.
"This pattern is similar to what was seen with the 1918-19 pandemic."
Scenario 3: A "slow burn" of ongoing transmission. "This third scenario likely would not require the reinstitution of mitigation measures, although cases and deaths will continue to occur."
States and territories should plan for scenario 2, the worst-case scenario, they recommended.
"Government officials should develop concrete plans, including triggers for reinstituting mitigation measures, for dealing with disease peaks when they occur," they advised.
Lipsitch and Osterholm both said they are surprised by the decisions many states are making to lift restrictions aimed at controlling the spread of the virus.
"I think it's an experiment. It's an experiment that likely will cost lives, especially in places that do it without careful controls to try to figure out when to try to slow things down again," Lipsitch said.
Plus, he said, some states are choosing to lift restrictions when they have more new infections than they had when they decided to impose the restrictions.
"It is hard to even understand the rationale," Lipsitch said.
A vaccine could help, the report said, but not quickly. "The course of the pandemic also could be influenced by a vaccine; however, a vaccine will likely not be available until at least sometime in 2021," they wrote.
"And we don't know what kinds of challenges could arise during vaccine development that could delay the timeline."
IRC: World risks up to 1 billion cases and 3.2 million deaths from COVID-19 across fragile countries
New York, NY, April 28, 2020 — Alarming new analysis by the International Rescue Committee (IRC) reveals that without swift action in coming weeks to mitigate the spread of Covid-19, the world could see up to 1 billion infections and 3.2 million deaths due to COVID-19 over the course of the pandemic in 34 crisis-affected countries served by the IRC, including warzones like Afghanistan, Syria, and Yemen.
David Miliband, President and CEO of the International Rescue Committee, said: “These numbers should serve as a wake-up call: the full, devastating and disproportionate weight of this pandemic has yet to be felt in the world’s most fragile and war-torn countries. We are still in the critical window of time to mount a robust preventative response to the early stages of COVID-19 in many of these countries and prevent a further perpetuation of this epidemic globally.”
. . . . JEROD "THE BITCH" KUSHNER - TRUMP'S HANDLING OF CORONAVIRUS . . .
. . . . WILL GO DOWN IN HISTORY OF ONE OF - "THE GREAT SUCCESSES!"
. . . . IT WILL GO DOWN IN HISTORY - AS - EVEN MORE - PURE HORRIFICALLY EVIL! . . . .
. . . . THAN - EVIL KING MASS MURDERER AND GLOBAL OMNICIDE DON - CHENEY! . . .
. . . . "DOING 9/11 - TO US!" . . . . "TO THE US!" . . . ENSURING - GLOBAL OMNICIDE! . . .
. . . . SATAN'S EMPIRE . . "ALL FOR THE RUTHLESS RICH!" . . . . . . .
. . . . . "RAPE THE REST - RUTHLESSLY!" . . . . . ENJOY . . "THE HELL OF ALL HELLS!" . . . .
. . . . . "EVIL RICH AND THEIR WHORES!" . . . . FOR ETERNITY!"
4/30/20 - 60 BODIES FOUND AT A NURSING HOME IN U-HAUL TRUCKS! SERIOUSLY! THE - REAL DEATHS ARE LIKELY - "TRIPLE" - WHAT IS REPORTED! 15,400 - "EXCESS DEATHS" - 7,272 MORE "EXCESS DEATHS" - THAN THE - 8, 128 COVID-19 DEATHS - FROM - MARCH 1 TO APRIL 4! . . .
. . . . . . THESE ARE 89.5% MORE "EXCESS DEATHS" THAN DUE TO COVID-19.
. . . . . CHRIS MARTENSON BELIEVES IT IS AROUND 70% MORE - GLOBALLY!
. . . . . . OF COURSE - CHINA UNCENSORED ON HOW LOW CHINA DEATHS ARE RELATIVE TO ANY REASONABLE ESTIMATE - TOTALLY CHANGES GLOBAL AVERAGES!
. . . . . EVEN WITH - TRUMP AND PENCE'S FUCKED UP ATTEMPT AT A "LOCK DOWN" - THE DEATH RATE IS LIKELY - 3 TIMES THE STATED DEATH RATE!
. . . . US DEATHS FROM COVID-19 - 212 (5/5/20) - RANKING THE US - 14TH MOST DEATHS PER MILLION OF ALL COUNTRIES! . . . . .
. . . FACTORING IN - "EXCESS DEATHS" - 89.5% HIGHER THAN THE NUMBER OF COVID-19 DEATHS - AS - "REPORTED DEATHS" - MORE LIKELY - COVID-19 DEATHS CLOSER TO - 401 - DEATHS - PER MILLION! RANKING THE US DEATH RATE PER MILLION - TIED FOR 7 MOST DEATHS!
. . . . IS THE US NUMBER OF DEATHS ACTUALLY CLOSER TO - 132,894 - 1.895 TIMES THE NUMBER OF STATED DEATH - 70,129! DUE TO THE MASSIVE NUMBER OF "EXCESS DEATHS!" . . . . CERTAINLY LOOKS LIKE IT TO ME!
. . . "THE TESTING RATE" OF - SATAN'S EMPIRE - RANKS 42nd! THERE ARE 41 COUNTRIES TESTING MORE PEOPLE PER MILLION THAN - THE US!
ALTHOUGH AS WE KNOW - ALL OF THESE NUMBERS ARE . . .
. . ."BS FOR THE BILLIONAIRES!" . . THE EVIL BEASTS ARE KILLING US! . . . .
THIS IS . . . "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!?" "MEDICARE FOR ALL!" OR "CORONAVIRUS FOR ALL!" "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" CAUSES GREAT DEPRESSION - REDUCTION IN "GLOBAL DIMMING!" CAUSES CLIMATE CHANGE HELL ON EARTH! "It Is THE END!"
Up to 60 bodies found in four trucks outside Brooklyn funeral home
By Shimon Prokupecz and Mark Morales, CNN
Updated 9:41 AM ET, Thu April 30, 2020
New York (CNN)Four trucks containing as many as 60 bodies have been discovered outside a Brooklyn funeral home after someone reported fluids dripping from the trucks, a law enforcement official told CNN.
The Andrew Cleckley Funeral Home home was overwhelmed and ran out of room for bodies, which were awaiting cremation, and used the trucks for storage, a second law enforcement source said Wednesday.
At least one of the trucks was unrefrigerated, according to one law enforcement official. One source said the bodies were put on ice.
CNN reached out to the Andrew Cleckley Funeral Home, and someone who identified himself as the owner would not comment."They were like almost everyone doing their best to cope," one source said.
4/29/20 SATAN'S EMPIRE - US TESTS / MILLION - 17,566 - COUNTRY RANK - 42!
. . SATAN'S EMPIRE DEATHS PER 1M POP - 176 - COUNTRY RANK 17! BUT READ BELOW, AS THE DEATH RATE MAY BE NEARLY TRIPLE - 3 TIMES - THE STATED DEATH RATE! . . . GREAT JOB AT KILLING US . . . EVIL TRUMP AND PENCE!
TRUMP - YOU DISGUSTING FUCK - 41 COUNTRIES HAVE TESTED MORE PEOPLE PER MILLION - THAN - SATAN'S EMPIRE - SATAN'S STATES OF EVIL GREED!
. . . . CHECK WORLDOMETER TABLE (click)! CLICK ON COLUMN TITLE (2X) - "TESTS/1 M POP" - RIGHT COLUMN - TO RANK COUNTRIES BY EACH CATEGORY!
. . . . . TRUMP - WILL NOT - USE - THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT (DPA) TO - DEMAND - MANUFACTURERS TO MAKE 1) TEST KITS AND SUPPLIES FOR COVID-19 AND ANTIBODIES, OR FOR 2) FACE MASKS, OR FOR 3) PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, OR FOR 4) CRITICAL MEDICINES! HOWEVER . . . . .
. . . . . TRUMP - IS USING THE DPA - DEMANDS - MEAT PRODUCERS TO OPEN!
IS THIS "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!?" "MEDICARE FOR ALL!" OR "CORONAVIRUS FOR ALL!" "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" CAUSES GREAT DEPRESSION - REDUCTION IN "GLOBAL DIMMING!" CAUSES CLIMATE CHANGE HELL ON EARTH! "It Is THE END!" THIS IS
. . . . "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!"
. . . . ENJOY "THE HELL OF ALL HELLS!" - TOTALITARIAN DESPOTS!
. . . . THANKS SO MUCH FOR KILLING YOURSELVES SO QUICKLY!
LEADERSHIP!? - - ON HOW TO - "KILL YOURSELF!" - - THE ANTI-CHRIST PENCE SAYS. . .
. . . . "FUCK THE MASKS!" - - "KILL YOURSELVES!" - - "GET DONNIES NEWEST SOLUTIONS!"
TRUMPS MOST PROMISING BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES FOR - RIGHT ENTREPRENEURS:
. . . ."TRUMPELATORS:" 1/3 COVID-19 - 1/3 METHANE - AND - 1/3 CARBON! . . . .
. . . . BREATHE IN DEEPLY! . . THE DEATH RATE ON THESE ARE EVEN GREATER THAN. . .
. . . . "HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE!". . . . . AND THEN THERE ARE . . . .
. . . . "TRUMP SOILENT GREEN STAKES AND KABOBS!" . . . . . .
. . . . IF YOU LOVED - "TRUMP STAKES" - THEN YOU WILL REALLY LOVE . . . .
. . . . "SHARING YOUR LOVED ONES WITH EACH OTHER IN THIS - TRULY TRUMPIAN WAY!"
. . . . "THANK GOD!" - - "It Is THE END!"
4/28/20 . . . The US experienced 15,400 'excess deaths' from March to April 4 compared with last year, suggesting coronavirus death toll is higher than known
At least 54,000 people in the US have died as a direct result of the coronavirus, but a new study suggests that the true number of deaths caused by the disease is far greater than the official statistics suggest.
In an analysis conducted for The Washington Post, a research team led by the Yale School of Public Health found that the US experienced 15,400 "excess deaths" from March through April 4 compared to the year before.
"Excess deaths" is the number of extra deaths in a given period compared to a historical average, from any cause.
This, the Post noted, came at a time when traffic fatalities were in steep decline due to stay-at-home orders.
THIS, ACCORDING TO THE DEMOCRACY NOW VIDEO ABOVE, WOULD MAKE THE DEATH TOLL OVER THIS PERIOD DUE TO "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" NEARLY - TWICE - TWO TIMES - YES 2X - WHAT THE GOVERNMENT IS REPORTING!. . . . . .
. . . . ALTHOUGH - ACCORDING TO MY CALCULATIONS - IF THERE WERE 15,400 "EXCESS DEATHS" COMPARED TO THE YEAR EARLIER. AND - THE DEATH TOLL FROM THE CORONAVIRUS WAS 8,128 OVER THIS SAME PERIOD. IF WE DIVIDE 15,400 BY 8,128, MY CALCULATOR STATES THAT THERE ARE LIKELY NEARLY TRIPLE THE NUMBER OF DEATHS (189.5%) - THAN REPORTED BY OUR - INVERTED TOTALITARIAN CORPORATE STATE SOCIALIST EMPIRE!
. . . . FOR THOSE NOT GOOD AT MATH. 15,400 - EXCESS DEATHS - NOT FACTORING IN THE LOWER NUMBER OF AUTO RELATED ACCIDENT DEATHS. PLUS THE STATED 8,128 STATED CORONAVIRUS DEATHS. EQUALS 23,528 - POTENTIAL DEATHS FROM CORONAVIRUS! . . . . . IF WE DIVIDED THIS TOTAL OF POTENTIAL DEATHS FROM CORONAVIRUS, BY THE 8,128 STATED DEATHS FROM COVID-19, THE MULTIPLE IS - 2.895 - TIMES THE STATED DEATH RATE!
. . . . THE - "POTENTIAL COVID-19 DEATHS" ARE 289.5% MORE THAN STATED!
. . . . THIS WAS AT A TIME WHEN - THE POST - NOTES TRAFFIC FATALITIES WERE IN STEEP DECLINE, DUE TO STAY AT HOME ORDERS. . . . .
. . . . SO CORONAVIRUS DEATHS ARE LIKELY - TRIPLE - WHAT IS REPORTED!
. . . . THIS IS WHEN - THE TRUMP MIRACLE PANDEMIC RESPONSE!. . . .
. . . . OR - SHOULD I CORRECTLY SAY - GOV GAVIN NEWSOM'S GREAT RESPONSE!
. . . . WHILE TRUMP & PENCE - JUST SAID 4/27 . . "FUCK US!" BY SAYIG . . .
. . . . "FUCK U!" - TO - THE STATES! . . . WHILE PURE EVIL SATANIC BITCH . . .
. . . . KOCK SUCKING BITCH OF ALL TIME . . . "MITCHY THE BITCHY!" SAYS . . .
. . . . "GO BANKRUPT LIBERAL STATES!" . . . ONLY KENTUCKY AND THOSE THAT
. . . . "SUCK PURE EVIL TOTALITARIAN DESPOT DONNIE THE DUNCES DICK!"
. . . . GET TO - "FLEECE - THE REST!" . . "LIBERALS PAY! - NO BENNIES!"
. . . . WHILE OVER A DOZEN INTELLIGENCE BRIEFINGS WARNED THE PRESIDENT ABOUT THE RISKS OF COVID-19 DURING JANUARY AND FEBRUARY! WHILE THE PRESIDENT - DID MORE THAN - NOTHING! HE SAID IT WAS GOING TO "GO AWAY LIKE A MIRACLE!"
. . . . . KILL US EVIL TOTALITARIAN DESPOT DONNIE THE DUNCE AND . . . .
. . . . . . PENCE THE ANTI-CHRIST!
WHITE HOUSE - FEDERAL GOVERNMENT - IS ONLY THE . . . .
. . . ."SUPPLIER OF LAST RESORT!" - NOT UNTIL FIVE MONTHS AFTER . . . .
. . . . EVIL KING TRUMPET - DONNIE THE DUNCE DON - AND PENCE THE ANTICHRIST . .
. . . . RELEASED - "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS!" OMG! HOW HORRIFICALLY EVIL!
. . . . EVIL GOVERNOR CUOMO - WHO SLASHED $2.5 BILLION FROM MEDICAID, $400 MILLION IN APRIL, SLASHING 20,000 HOSPITAL BEADS, JUST BEFORE THE MASSIVE RISE IN DEMAND, DUE TO THE BABY BOOM GENERATION AGING, DECLARES . . . .
. . . . "STATES DON'T DO PANDEMIC MANAGEMENT AND TESTING!" . . . .
. . . THE PURE EVIL RIGHT WING AND THE EVIL RIGHT WING DEMOCRATS ARE KILLING US!
. . . . I REST MY CASE! - BLATANTLY OBVIOUSLY. . .
. . . THIS IS - "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!"
READ MY PRIOR POST: IS THIS "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!?" "MEDICARE FOR ALL!" OR "CORONAVIRUS FOR ALL!" "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" CAUSES GREAT DEPRESSION - REDUCTION IN "GLOBAL DIMMING!" CAUSES CLIMATE CHANGE HELL ON EARTH! "It Is THE END!"
. . . ENJOY - "THE HELL OF ALL HELLS" - YOUR - "PURE EVIL GREED CAUSED" . . . .
. . . EVIL SATANIC MONEY MONSTERS, EVIL MONEY SLUTS AND THEIR OPERATORS!
. . . "THANK GOD!" . . . . "It Is THE END!"
In New York’s largest hospital system, many coronavirus patients on ventilators didn’t make it
New data shows many of those hospitalized had high blood pressure, obesity or diabetes.Throughout March, as the coronavirus pandemic gained momentum in the United States, much of the preparations focused on the breathing machines that were supposed to save lives.
New York Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo (D) and President Trump sparred over how many ventilators the state was short. DIYers brainstormed ways to make modifications to treat more patients. And ethicists agonized over how to allocate them fairly if they ran out.
Now five weeks into the crisis, a paper published in the journal JAMA about New York state’s largest health system suggests a reality that, like so much else about the novel coronavirus, confounds our early expectations.
Researchers found that 20 percent of all those hospitalized died — a finding that’s similar to the percentage who perish in normal times among those who are admitted for respiratory distress.
But the numbers diverge more for the critically ill put on ventilators.
A total of 1,151 patients required mechanical ventilators. Of the 320 for whom final outcomes are known (either death or discharge), 88 percent died. That compares with about 80 percent of patients who died on ventilators before the pandemic, according to previous studies — and with the death rate of about 50 percent that some critical-care doctors had optimistically hoped for when the first cases were diagnosed.
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“For those who have a severe enough course to require hospitalization through the emergency department, it is a sad number,” said Karina W. Davidson, the study’s lead author and a professor at the Feinstein Institutes for Medical Research at Northwell Health.
At the end of the study period, 831 — or 72 percent — remained hospitalized, so the mortality rate may be higher or lower depending on how well those patients do in the coming days.
In a clarification issued on April 24, JAMA said that if the still-hospitalized patients are included, 3.3 percent of the total number who were on ventilators were discharged and 24.5 percent died.
The analysis is the largest and most comprehensive study of outcomes in the United States to be published. Researchers looked at the electronic medical records of 5,700 patients infected with covid-19 between March 1 and April 4 who were treated at Northwell Health’s 12 hospitals in New York City, Long Island and Westchester County — all heavily hit by the outbreak. Sixty percent were male, 40 percent female and the average age was 63.
“It’s important to look to American data, as we have different resources in our health-care system and different demographics in our populations,” Davidson said.
The paper also found that of those who were hospitalized, 57 percent had hypertension, 41 percent were obese and 34 percent had diabetes, which is consistent with risk factors listed by the Centers for Disease for Control and Prevention. Noticeably absent from the top of the list was asthma. As doctors and researchers have learned more about covid-19, the less it seems that asthma plays a dominant role in outcomes.
One other surprising finding from the study was that 70 percent of the patients sick enough to be admitted to the hospital did not have a fever. Fever is listed as the top symptom of covid-19 by the CDC, and for weeks, many testing centers for the virus turned away patients if they did not have one.
Davidson said that as a result of that finding, Northwell is encouraging people with underlying health conditions, such as hypertension and diabetes, who are potentially exposed to the virus and who may not have a fever to consult with a doctor sooner rather than later.
The first modern pandemic
The scientific advances we need to stop COVID-19.
By Bill Gates
April 23, 2020
This is the full-length version of this post. You can read the condensed version, which appeared as an opinion article in the Washington Post, here.
The coronavirus pandemic pits all of humanity against the virus. The damage to health, wealth, and well-being has already been enormous. This is like a world war, except in this case, we’re all on the same side. Everyone can work together to learn about the disease and develop tools to fight it. I see global innovation as the key to limiting the damage. This includes innovations in testing, treatments, vaccines, and policies to limit the spread while minimizing the damage to economies and well-being.
This memo shares my view of the situation and how we can accelerate these innovations. (Because this post is long, it is also available as a PDF.) The situation changes every day, there is a lot of information available—much of it contradictory—and it can be hard to make sense of all the proposals and ideas you may hear about. It can also sound like we have all the scientific advances needed to re-open the economy, but in fact we do not. Although some of what’s below gets fairly technical, I hope it helps people make sense of what is happening, understand the innovations we still need, and make informed decisions about dealing with the pandemic.
Exponential growth and decline
In the first phase of the pandemic, we saw an exponential spread in a number of countries, starting with China and then throughout Asia, Europe, and the United States. The number of infections was doubling many times every month. If people’s behavior had not changed, then most of the population would have been infected. By changing behavior, many countries have gotten the infection rate to plateau and start to come down.
Exponential growth is not intuitive. If you say that 2 percent of the population is infected and this will double every eight days, most people won’t immediately figure out that in 40 days, the majority of the population will be infected. The big benefit of the behavior change is to reduce the infection rate dramatically so that, instead of doubling every eight days, it goes down every eight days.
We use something called the reproduction rate, or R0 (pronounced “are-nought”), to calculate how many new infections are caused by an earlier infection. R0 is hard to measure, but we know it’s below 1.0 wherever the number of cases is going down and above 1.0 wherever the number of cases is going up. And what may appear to be a small difference in R0 can lead to very large changes.
“If you started with 100 infections in a community, after 40 days you would end up with 17 infections at the lower rate and 3,200 at the higher one.”
If every infection goes from causing 2.0 cases to only causing 0.7 infections, then after 40 days you have one-sixth as many infections instead of 32 times as many. That’s 192 times fewer cases. Here’s another way to think about it: If you started with 100 infections in a community, after 40 days you would end up with 17 infections at the lower R0 and 3,200 at the higher one. Experts are debating now just how long to keep R0 very low to drive down the number of cases before opening up begins.
Exponential decline is even less intuitive. A lot of people will be stunned that in many places we will go from hospitals being overloaded in April to having lots of empty beds in July. The whiplash will be confusing, but it is inevitable from the exponential nature of infection.
As we get into the summer, some locations that maintain behavior change will experience exponential decline. However, as behavior goes back to normal, some locations will stutter along with persistent clusters of infections and some will go back into exponential growth. The picture will be more complex than it is today, with a lot of heterogeneity.
Have we overreacted?
It is reasonable for people to ask whether the behavior change was necessary. Overwhelmingly, the answer is yes. There might be a few areas where the number of cases would never have gotten large numbers of infections and deaths, but there was no way to know in advance which areas those would be. The change allowed us to avoid many millions of deaths and extreme overload of the hospitals, which would also have increased deaths from other causes.
The economic cost that has been paid to reduce the infection rate is unprecedented. The drop in employment is faster than anything we have ever experienced. Entire sectors of the economy are shut down. It is important to realize that this is not just the result of government policies restricting activities. When people hear that an infectious disease is spreading widely, they change their behavior. There was never a choice to have the strong economy of 2019 in 2020.
Most people would have chosen not to go to work or restaurants or take trips, to avoid getting infected or infecting older people in their household. The government requirements made sure that enough people changed their behavior to get the reproduction rate below 1.0, which is necessary to then have the opportunity to resume some activities.
The wealthier countries are seeing reduced infections and starting to think about how to open up. Even as a government relaxes restrictions on behavior, not everyone will immediately resume the activities that are allowed. It will take a lot of good communication so that people understand what the risks are and feel comfortable going back to work or school. This will be a gradual process, with some people immediately doing everything that is allowed and others taking it more slowly. Some employers will take a number of months before they require workers to come back. Some people will want the restrictions lifted more rapidly and may choose to break the rules, which will put everyone at risk. Leaders should encourage compliance.
Differences among countries
The pandemic has not affected all countries equally. China was where the first infection took place. They were able to use stringent isolation and extensive testing to stop most of the spread. The wealthier countries, which have more people coming in from all over the world, were the next to be affected. The countries that reacted quickly to do lots of testing and isolation avoided large-scale infection. The benefits of early action also meant that these countries didn’t have to shut down their economies as much as others.
The ability to do testing well explains a lot of the variation. It is impossible to defeat an enemy we cannot see. So testing is critical to getting the disease under control and beginning to re-open the economy.
So far, developing countries like India and Nigeria account for a small portion of the reported global infections. One of the priorities for our foundation has been to help ramp up the testing in these countries so they know their situation. With luck, some factors that we don’t understand yet, like how weather might affect the virus’s spread, will prevent large-scale infection in these countries.
“The less developed a country’s economy is, the harder it is to make the behavior changes that reduce the virus’s reproduction rate.”
However, our assumption should be that the disease dynamics are the same as in other countries. Even though their populations are disproportionately young—which would tend to mean fewer deaths from COVID-19—this advantage is almost certainly offset by the fact that many low-income people’s immune systems are weakened by conditions like malnutrition or HIV. And the less developed a country’s economy is, the harder it is to make the behavior changes that reduce the the virus's reproduction rate. If you live in an urban slum and do informal work to earn enough to feed your family every day, you won’t find it easy to avoid contact with other people. Also, the health systems in these countries have far less capacity, so even providing oxygen treatment to everyone who needs it will be difficult.
Tragically, it is possible that the total deaths in developing countries will be far higher than in developed countries.
What we need to learn
Our knowledge of the disease will help us with tools and policies. There are a number of key things we still don’t understand. A number of studies are being done to answer these questions, including one in Seattle done with the University of Washington. The global collaboration on these issues is impressive and we should know a lot more by the summer.
The Gates Foundation’s role
In normal times, the Gates Foundation puts more than half of its resources into reducing deaths from infectious diseases. These diseases are the reason why a child in a poor country is 20 times more likely to die before the age of five than one in a rich country. We invest in inventing new treatments and vaccines for these diseases and making sure they get delivered to everyone who needs them. The diseases include HIV, malaria, tuberculosis, polio, and pneumonia. Whenever there is an epidemic like Ebola, SARS, or Zika we work with governments and the private sector to help model the risks and to help galvanize resources to create new tools to stop the epidemic. It was because of these experiences that I spoke out about the world not being ready for a respiratory epidemic in my 2015 TED talk. Although not enough was done, a few steps were taken to prepare, including the creation of the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovation, which I will discuss below, in the vaccine section.
Now that the epidemic has hit, we are applying our expertise to finding the best ideas in each area and making sure they move ahead at full speed. There are many efforts going on. More than 100 groups are doing work on treatments and another 100 on vaccines. We are funding a subset of these but tracking all of them closely. It is key to look at each project to see not only its chance of working but also the odds that it can be scaled up to help the entire world.
One urgent activity is to raise money for developing new tools. I think of this as the billions we need to spend so we can save trillions. Every additional month that it takes to get the vaccine is a month when the economy cannot return to normal. However, it isn’t clear how countries will come together to coordinate the funding. Some could go directly to the private sector but demand that their citizens get priority. There is a lot of discussion among governments, the World Health Organization, the private sector, and our foundation about how to organize these efforts.
Innovation to beat the enemy
During World War II, an amazing amount of innovation, including radar, reliable torpedoes, and code-breaking, helped end the war faster. This will be the same with the pandemic. I break the innovation into five categories: treatments, vaccines, testing, contact tracing, and policies for opening up.Without some advances in each of these areas, we cannot return to the business as usual or stop the virus. Below, I go through each area in some detail.
Every week, you will be reading about new treatment ideas that are being tried out, but most of them will fail. Still, I am optimistic that some of these treatments will meaningfully reduce the disease burden. Some will be easier to deliver in rich countries than developing countries, and some will take time to scale. A number of these could be available by the summer or fall.
If in the spring of 2021 people are going to big public events—like a game or concert in a stadium—it will be because we have a miraculous treatment that made people feel confident about going out again. It’s hard to know precisely what the threshold is, but I suspect it is something like 95 percent; that is, we need a treatment that is 95 percent effective in order for people to feel safe in big public gatherings. Although it is possible that a combination of treatments will have over 95 percent effectiveness, it’s not likely, so we can’t count on it. If our best treatments reduce the deaths by less than 95 percent, then we will still need a vaccine before we can go back to normal.
One potential treatment that doesn’t fit the normal definition of a drug involves collecting blood from patients who have recovered from COVID-19, making sure it’s free of the coronavirus and other infections, and giving the plasma to people who are sick. The leading companies in this area are working together to get a standard protocol to see if this works. They will have to measure each patient to see how strong their antibodies are. A variant of this approach is to take the plasma and concentrate it into a compound called hyperimmune globulin, which is much easier and faster to give a patient than unconcentrated plasma. The foundation is supporting a consortium of most of the leading companies that work in this area to accelerate the evaluation and, if the procedure works, be ready to scale it up. These companies have developed a Plasma Bot to help recovered COVID-19 patients donate plasma for this effort.
“This antibody approach also has a good chance of working, although it’s unclear how many doses can be made.”Another type of potential treatment involves identifying the antibodies produced by the human immune system that are most effective against the novel coronavirus. Once those antibodies have been found, they can be manufactured and used as a treatment or as a way to prevent the disease (in which case it is known as passive immunization). This antibody approach also has a good chance of working, although it’s unclear how many doses can be made. It depends on how much antibody material is needed per dose; in 2021, manufacturers may be able to make as few as 100,000 treatments or many millions. The lead times for manufacturing are about seven months in the best case. Our grantees are working to compare the different antibodies and make sure the best ones get access to the limited manufacturing capacity.
There is a class of drugs called antivirals, which keep the virus from functioning or reproducing. The drug industry has created amazing antivirals to help people with HIV, although it took decades to build up the large library of very effective triple drug therapies. For the novel coronavirus, the leading drug candidate in this category is Remdesivir from Gilead, which is in trials now. It was created for Ebola. If it proves to have benefits, then the manufacturing will have to be scaled up dramatically.
The foundation recently asked drug companies to provide access to their pipeline of developed antiviral drugs so researchers funded by the Therapeutics Accelerator can run a screen to see which should go into human trials first. The drug companies all responded very quickly, so there is a long list of antivirals being screened.
Another class of drugs works by changing how the human body reacts to the virus. Hydroxychloroquine is in this group. The foundation is funding a trial that will give an indication of whether it works on COVID-19 by the end of May. It appears the benefits will be modest at best. Another type of drug that changes the way a human reacts to a virus is called an immune system modulator. These drugs would be most helpful for late-stage serious disease. All of the companies that work in this area are doing everything they can to help with trials.
Vaccines have saved more lives than any other tool in history. Smallpox, which used to kill millions of people every year, was eradicated with a vaccine. New vaccines have played a key role in reducing childhood deaths from 10 million per year in 2000 to fewer than 5 million per year today.
Short of a miracle treatment, which we can't count on, the only way to return the world to where it was before COVID-19 showed up is a highly effective vaccine that prevents the disease.
Unfortunately, the typical development time for a vaccine against a new disease is over five years. This is broken down into: a) making the candidate vaccine; b) testing it in animals; c) safety testing in small numbers of people (this is known as phase 1); d) safety and efficacy testing in medium numbers (phase 2); e) safety and efficacy testing in large numbers (phase 3); and f) final regulatory approval and building manufacturing while registering the vaccine in every country.
Researchers can save time by compressing the clinical safety/efficacy phases while conducting animal tests and building manufacturing capacity in parallel. Even so, no one knows in advance which vaccine approach will work, so a number of them need to be funded so they can advance at full speed. Many of the vaccine approaches will fail because they won’t generate a strong enough immune response to provide protection. Scientists will get a sense of this within three months of testing a given vaccine in humans by looking at the antibody generation. Of particular interest is whether the vaccine will protect older people, whose immune systems don’t respond as well to vaccines.
The issue of safety is obviously very important. Regulators are very stringent about safety, to avoid side effects and also to protect the reputation of vaccines broadly, since if one has significant problems, people will become more hesitant to take any vaccines. Regulators worldwide will have to work together to decide how large the safety database needs to be to approve a COVID-19 vaccine.
One step that was taken after the foundation and others called for investments in pandemic preparedness in 2015 was the creation of the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI). Although the resources were quite modest, they have helped advance new approaches to making vaccines that could be used for this pandemic. CEPI added resources to work on an approach called RNA vaccines, which our foundation had been supporting for some time. Three companies are pursuing this approach. The first vaccine to start human trials is an RNA vaccine from Moderna, which started a phase 1 clinical safety evaluation in March.
“An RNA vaccine essentially turns your body into its own vaccine manufacturing unit.”
An RNA vaccine is significantly different from a conventional vaccine. A flu shot, for example, contains bits of the flu virus that your body’s immune system learns to attack. This is what gives you immunity. With an RNA vaccine, rather than injecting fragments of the virus, you give the body the genetic code needed to produce lots of copies of these fragments. When the immune system sees the viral fragments, it learns how to attack them. An RNA vaccine essentially turns your body into its own vaccine manufacturing unit.
There are also at least five leading efforts that look promising and that use other approaches to teach the immune system to recognize and attack a viral infection. CEPI and our foundation will be tracking efforts from all over the world to make sure the most promising ones get resources. Once a vaccine is ready, our partner GAVI will make sure it is available even in low-income countries.
A big challenge for vaccine trials is that the time required for the trials depends on finding trial locations where the rate of infection is fairly high. While you are setting up the trial site and getting regulatory approval, the infection rate in that location could go down. And trials have to involve a surprisingly large number of people. For example, suppose the expected rate of infection is 1 percent per year and you want to run a trial where you would expect 50 people to be infected without the vaccine. To get a result in six months the trial would need 10,000 people in it.
The goal is to pick the one or two best vaccine constructs and vaccinate the entire world—that’s 7 billion doses if it is a single-dose vaccine, and 14 billion if it is a two-dose vaccine. The world will be in a rush to get them, so the scale of the manufacturing will be unprecedented and will probably have to involve multiple companies.
I am often asked when large-scale vaccination will start. Like America’s top public health officials, I say that it is likely to be 18 months, even though it could be as short as nine months or closer to two years. A key piece will be the length of the phase 3 trial, which is where the full safety and efficacy are determined.
When the vaccine is first being manufactured, there will be a question of who should be vaccinated first. Ideally, there would be global agreement about who should get the vaccine first, but given how many competing interests there are, this is unlikely to happen. The governments that provide the funding, the countries where the trials are run, and the places where the pandemic is the worst will all make a case that they should get priority.
All of the tests to date for the novel coronavirus involve taking a nasal swab and processing it in a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) machine. Our foundation invested in research showing that having patients do the swab themselves, at the tip of the nose, is as accurate as having a doctor push the swab further down to the back of your throat. Our grantees are also working to design swabs that are cheap and able to be manufactured at large scale but work as well as ones that are in short supply. This self-swab approach is faster, protects health care workers from the risk of exposure, and should let regulators approve swabbing in virtually any location instead of only at a medical center. The PCR test is quite sensitive—it will generally show whether you have the virus even before you have symptoms or are infecting other people.
There has been a lot of focus on the number of tests being performed in each country. Some, like South Korea, did a great job of ramping up the testing capacity. But the number of tests alone doesn’t show whether they are being used effectively. You also have to make sure you are prioritizing the testing on the right people. For example, health care workers should be able to get an immediate indication of whether they are infected so they know whether to keep working. People without symptoms should not be tested until we have enough tests for everyone with symptoms. Additionally, the results from the test should come back in less than 24 hours so you quickly know whether to continue isolating yourself and quarantining the people who live with you. In the United States, it was taking over seven days in some locations to get test results, which reduces their value dramatically. This kind of delay is unacceptable.
There are two types of PCR machines: high-volume batch processing machines and low-volume machines. Both have a role to play. The high-volume machines provide most of the capacity. The low volume machines are better when getting a result in less than an hour is beneficial. Everyone who makes these machines, and some new entrants, are making as many machines as they can. Adding this capacity and making full use of the machines that are already available will increase the testing capacity. The foundation is talking to the manufacturers about different ways to run the big machines that could make them more than twice as productive.
“Another type of test being developed would be like an in-home pregnancy test.”
Another type of test being developed is called a Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT). This would be like an in-home pregnancy test. You would swab your nose the same way as for the PCR test, but instead of sending it into a processing center, you would put it in a liquid container and then pour that liquid onto a strip of paper that would change color if it detects the virus. This form of test may be available in a few months. Even though it won’t be as sensitive as a PCR test, for someone who has symptoms it should be quite accurate. You would still need to report your test result to your government since they need visibility into the disease trends.
A lot of people talk about the serology test, where you give blood and it detects whether you have antibodies against the virus. If you do, it means you have been exposed. These tests only show positive results late in your disease, so they do not help you decide whether to quarantine. Also, all the tests done so far have problems with false positives. Until we understand what level of antibodies is protective and have a test with almost no false positives, it is a mistake to tell people not to worry about their exposure to infection based on the serology tests that are available today. In the meantime, serology tests will be used to see who can donate blood and to understand the disease dynamics.
A lot of countries did a good job focusing the PCR capacity on the priority patients. Most countries had their government play a central role in this process. In the United States, there is no system for making sure the testing is allocated rationally. Some states have stepped in, but even in the best states, the access isn’t fully controlled.
Testing becomes extremely important as a country considers opening up. You want to have so much testing going on that you see hot spots and are able to intervene by changing policy before the numbers get large. You don’t want to wait until the hospitals start to fill up and the number of deaths goes up.
Basically, there are two critical cases: anyone who is symptomatic, and anyone who has been in contact with someone who tested positive. Ideally both groups would be sent a test they can do at home without going into a medical center. Tests would still be available in medical centers, but the simplest is to have the majority done at home. To make this work, a government would have to have a website that you go to and enter your circumstances, including your symptoms. You would get a priority ranking, and all of the test providers would be required to make sure they are providing quick results to the highest priority levels. Depending on how accurately symptoms predict infections, how many people test positive, and how many contacts a person typically has, you can figure out how much capacity is needed to handle these critical cases. For now, most countries will use all of their testing capacity for these cases.
There will be a temptation for companies to buy testing machines for their employees or customers. A hotel or cruise ship operator would like to be able to test everyone even if they don’t have symptoms. They will want to get PCR machines that give quick results or the rapid diagnostic test. These companies will be able to bid very high prices—well above what the public health system would bid—so governments will have to determine when there is enough capacity to allow this.
One assumption is that people who need to get tested will isolate themselves and quarantine those in their household. Some governments police this carefully, whereas others simply assume people will follow the recommendation. Another issue is whether a government provides a place for someone to isolate themselves if they can’t do it at their home. This is particularly important if you have older people in close quarters at your house.
THE EVIL RIGHT WING RESPONSE. . . . . .
STUPID LIBERALS . . . I TOOK OUT MY CONTACTS TO TRACE THEM! . . . .
. . . . FIRST, I CAN'T SEE ANYTHING WITH MY CONTACTS OUT!
. . . . PLUS, THE CONTACTS ARE CLEAR! . . . HOW CAN I TRACE THEM!
. . . . WHY DO YOU WANT ME TO . . . "TRACE MY CONTACTS" . . AGAIN?
I mentioned in the testing section that one of the key priorities for testing is anyone who has been in close contact with someone who has tested positive. If you can get a list of these people quickly and make sure they are prioritized for a test like the PCR test (which is sensitive enough to detect a recent infection), then these people can isolate themselves before they infect other people. This is the ideal way of stopping the spread of the virus.
I GUARANTEE YOU - THERE WILL - NEVER - BE EFFECTIVE - "CONTACT TRACING" IN . . . .
"SATAN'S STATES OF EVIL GREED!" . . . NOT ONLY BECAUSE. . . . .
. . THIS IS "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!". . .
. . BUT ALSO BECAUSE SATAN'S EMPIRE IS . . "SOCIALISM FOR THE RICH!". . .
. . . . "ALL FOR THE RUTHLESS RICH!" - - "RAPE - THE REST - RUTHLESSLY!"
Some countries, including China and South Korea, required patients to turn over information about where they have been in the last 14 days by looking at GPS information on their phone or their spending records. It is unlikely that Western countries will require this. There are applications you can download that will help you remember where you have been; if you ever test positive, then you can voluntarily review the history or choose to share it with whoever interviews you about your contacts.
A number of digital approaches are being proposed where phones detect what other phones are near them. (It would involve using Bluetooth plus sending a sound out that humans can’t hear but that verifies that the two phones are reasonably close to each other.) The idea is that if someone tests positive then their phone can send a message to the other phones and their owners can get tested. If most people voluntarily installed this kind of application, it would probably help some. One limitation is that you don’t necessarily have to be in the same place at the same time to infect someone—you can leave the virus behind on a surface. This system would miss this kind of transmission.
“I think most countries will use the approach that Germany is using.”
I think most countries will use the approach that Germany is using, which requires interviewing everyone who tests positive and using a database to make sure there is follow-up with all the contacts. The pattern of infections is studied to see where the risk is highest and policy might need to change.
In Germany, if someone is tested and confirmed positive, the doctor is legally required to inform the local government health office. The doctor must provide all personal data—name, address, phone number—so that the health office can contact the person and ensure they isolate themselves.
Then the local health office begins the process of contact tracing. They interview the infected person, find out how to contact all the people he or she has met in the past couple of weeks, and contact those people to ask them to self-isolate and get a test.
This approach relies on the infected person to report their contacts accurately, and also depends on the ability of the health authorities to follow up with everyone. The normal health service staff can’t possibly do all this work even if the case numbers are fairly low. Every health system will have to figure out how to staff up so that this work is done in a timely fashion. Everyone who does the work would have to be properly trained and required to keep all the information private. Researchers would be asked to study the database to find patterns of infection, again with privacy safeguards in place.
Most developed countries will be moving into the second phase of the epidemic in the next two months. In one sense, it is easy to describe this next phase. It is semi-normal. People can go out, but not as often, and not to crowded places. Picture restaurants that only seat people at every other table, and airplanes where every middle seat is empty. Schools are open, but you can’t fill a stadium with 70,000 people. People are working some and spending some of their earnings, but not as much as they were before the pandemic. In short, times are abnormal but not as abnormal as during the first phase.
The rules about what is allowed should change gradually so that we can see if the contact level is starting to increase the number of infections. Countries will be able to learn from other countries that have strong testing systems in place to inform them when problems come up.
One example of gradual reopening is Microsoft China, which has roughly 6,200 employees. So far about half are now coming in to work. They are continuing to provide support to employees who want to work at home. They insist people with symptoms stay home. They require masks and provide hand sanitizer and do more intensive cleaning. Even at work, they apply distancing rules and only allow travel for exceptional reasons. China has been conservative about opening up and has so far avoided any significant rebound.
“It is not as simple as saying ‘you can do X, but not Y.’”
The basic principle should be to allow activities that have a large benefit to the economy or human welfare but pose a small risk of infection. But as you dig into the details and look across the economy, the picture quickly gets complicated. It is not as simple as saying “you can do X, but not Y.” The modern economy is far too complex and interconnected for that.
For example, restaurants can keep diners six feet apart, but will they have a working supply chain for their ingredients? Will they be profitable with this reduced capacity? The manufacturing industry will need to change factories to keep workers farther apart. Most factories will be able to adapt to new rules without a large productivity loss. But how do the people employed in these restaurants and factories get to work? Are they taking a bus or train? What about the suppliers who provide and ship parts to the factory? And when should companies start insisting their employees show up at work?
There are no easy answers to these questions. Ultimately, leaders at the national, state, and local levels will need to make trade-offs based on the risks and benefits of opening various parts of the economy. In the United States it will be tricky if one state opens up too fast and starts to see lots of infections. Should other states try to stop people moving across state boundaries?
Schools offer a big benefit and should be a priority. Large sporting and entertainment events probably will not make the cut for a long time; the economic benefit of the live audience doesn’t measure up to the risk of spreading the infection. Other activities fall into a gray area, such as church services or a high school soccer game with a few dozen people on the sidelines.
There is one other factor that is hard to account for: human nature. Some people will be naturally reluctant to go out even once the government says it is okay. Others will take the opposite view—they will assume that the government is being overly cautious and start bucking the rules. Leaders will need to think carefully about how to strike the right balance here.
Melinda and I grew up learning that World War II was the defining moment of our parents’ generation. In a similar way, the COVID-19 pandemic—the first modern pandemic—will define this era. No one who lives through Pandemic I will ever forget it. And it is impossible to overstate the pain that people are feeling now and will continue to feel for years to come.
The heavy cost of the pandemic for lower-paid and poor people is a special concern for Melinda and me. The disease is disproportionately hurting poorer communities and racial minorities. Likewise, the economic impact of the shutdown is hitting low-income, minority workers the hardest. Policymakers will need to make sure that, as the country opens up, the recovery doesn’t make inequality even worse than it already is.
At the same time, we are impressed with how the world is coming together to fight this fight. Every day, we talk to scientists at universities and small companies, CEOs of pharmaceutical companies, or heads of government to make sure that the new tools I’ve discussed become available as soon as possible. And there are so many heroes to admire right now, including the health workers on the front line. When the world eventually declares Pandemic I over, we will have all of them to thank for it.
4/27/20 - HELLO - DECLINING COVID-19 CASES WILL NOT
STOP THE ONGOING RESURGENCE OF CASES!
THE 1918 SPANISH FLU 2ND AND 3RD WAVE
KILLED MANY MORE PEOPLE - THAN THE FIRST WAVE!
USE THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT - THE DPA!
TO PRODUCE 30-50 MILLION PER DAY! WTF!
"FACE MASKS & COVID-19 AND ANTIBODY TEST KITS!"
THIS SHOULD HAVE BEEN DONE AT THE END OF JANUARY!
TRUMP & PENCE ARE KILLING ALL OF US!
FOR THE PURE EVIL GREED OF THE RIGHT WING RICH!
NOT EVEN - PURE EVIL TRUMP & PENCE - ARE THIS
COMPLETELY INCOMPETENT AND DYSFUNCTIONAL!
THIS IS. . . .
"SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND . . .
GLOBAL POLICE STATE AGENDA!"
"IMPEACH THEM NOW!"
HELL - HANG THEM FOR - "GLOBAL OMNICIDE!"
BLAME - TRUMP AND PENCE - NO ONE ELSE!
14 DAYS OF DECLINING CASES - ARE LESS CRITICAL!
"WHO" - ANTIBODIES ARE "MORE A WISH!"
"THAN A SCIENTIFIC FACT!" (clickie)
175 COVID-19 PATIENTS SHANGHAI STUDY!
30% HAD INSUFFICIENT ANTIBODIES - TITER LEVEL < 500!
CLICK FOR STUDY ON 51 S KOREA PEOPLE CONTRACTING
COVID-19 THE SECOND TIME! HIGHER DEATH RATES!
INNSBRUCK DOCTOR - PERMANENT - LUNG DAMAGE!
DIVING COULD KILL PATIENTS! COULD COVID-19 AGAIN!?
MOST IMPORTANT ARE 30-50 MILLION
"FACE MASKS AND BOTH TEST KITS PER DAY!"
NOW! - - YOU PURE EVIL SATANIC MONEY MONSTERS!
OPEN - SATAN'S EMPIRE - SATAN'S STATES OF EVIL GREED! AS AN AFRICAN WOMAN STATED!
"WE WOULD RATHER DIE OF - THE VIRUS!"
"THAN DIE OF - HUNGER!" . . I WOULD ADD . . .
OR - DIE FROM - "ABRUPT CLIMATE CHANGE!"
"HELL OF ALL HELLS" ON - PLANET EVIL GREED!
‘No evidence’ antibodies protect recovered coronavirus patients, WHO says
By Sara Dorn April 25, 2020
No evidence exists that people who have recovered from the coronavirus are protected from reinfection, even if they have antibodies, the World Health Organization said Saturday.
The warning from the U.N.’s health arm runs counter to what many survivors thought could be their ticket to freedom from COVID-19 lockdowns.
“Some governments have suggested that the detection of antibodies … could serve as the basis for an ‘immunity passport’ or ‘risk-free certificate,'” the WHO said.
“There is currently no evidence that people who have recovered from COVID-19 and have antibodies are protected from a second infection.”
Preliminary antibody testing this week suggests one in every five New Yorkers have had the virus, according to a sample of 3,000.
The state’s health commissioner, Dr. Howard Zucker, said he hopes testing can help get people out of their homes.
“It is a way to say this person had the disease and they can go back into the workforce,” Zucker said. “A strong test like we have can tell you that you have antibodies.”
A city health official, however, expressed skepticism about the testing earlier this month.
Antibody tests “may produce false-negative or false-positive results,” Demetre Daskalakis, a deputy health commissioner, wrote to healthcare providers.
Maryland emergency hotline gets 100 calls and New York poison control center records soaring numbers of people calling about ingesting bleach after President Trump touted it as a potential 'cure'
By JAMES GORDON FOR DAILYMAIL.COM
PUBLISHED: 02:06 EDT, 25 April 2020 | UPDATED: 09:37 EDT, 25 April 2020
4/25/20 - EVIL TOTALITARIAN DESPOT - DONNIE THE DUNCE'S - NEW . . . . .
. . . . "TRUMPELATOR!" . . 1/3 COVID-19! . .1/3 METHANE! . . 1/3 CARBON! . . . .
. . . . THIS IS GOING TO BE - DONNIE THE DUNCE'S - "BILLIONS KILLING BILLIONS!" . . . .
. . . . "MAGICAL MARKETS" - "ALL FOR ME!" - "KILL YOU!" - "KILLER MACHINE!"
. . . . LET'S NOT FORGET - ALL OF THE OTHER - PURE EVIL POLICIES! . . . .
. . . . TENS OF TRILLIONS FOR THE 300 BILLIONAIRE SLAVE OWNER FAMILIES! . . . .
. . . . FOR THE POOR, CHILDREN, ELDERLY, COMPROMISED, BLACK, EMERGING MARKETS
. . . . DRUGS AND SOON TO BE "VACCINES" WITH NO EFFICACY AND 2X THE DEATH RATE!
. . . . MAKING TRILLIONS FOR THE BILLIONAIRES - FLEECING & KILLING - "THE REST!"
. . . . $2 TRILLION IN MEDICAID CUTS, $1 TRILLION IN MEDICARE CUTS, SLACHING
. . . . OF EDUCATION, HEALTHCARE, CRITICAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES, ETC. .
. . . . NO UNEMPLOYMENT CHECKS, NO BAILOUT CHECKS, NO FACE MASKS . . . .
. . . . NO COVID-19 TESTS, NO ANTIBODY TESTS, NO CLEANING SOLUTION! . . . .
. . . . REMEMBER - "THE MAGICAL MARKETS CLEANING SOLUTION!" . . . .
. . . . "DRINK OR SHOOT UP A BOTTLE A DAY!" - - "TO KEEP THE DOCTORS AWAY!"
. . . . AND BRING - "THE MORTICIANS YOUR WAY!" . WHAT! - NO MORTICIANS EITHER!?
. . . . BUT WITH - TOTALITARIAN DESPOT - DONNIE THE DUNCE'S - "TRUMPELATOR"
. . . . "SUCK IN DEEPLY!" - AND - "DIE - KIDS, ELDERLY, POOR, UNDOCUMENTED - DIE!" . .
. . . . GUARANTEED TO - "SET YOU FREE!". . . . "MAKING AMERICA DEAD AGAIN!" . . .
. . . . WAY TO GO - YOU EVIL RICH FUCKS AND THEIR WHORES! . . . . .
. . . . ENJOY - "THE HELL OF ALL HELLS" - YOUR - "PURE EVIL GREED!" . . . . .
. . . . DAMNED . . MY CHILDREN! . . MY SPECIES! . . MY PLANET! . . .TO SUFFER IN!
. . . . THAT "YOU" . DAMNED . "ME" . "THE GOD OF LOVE!" . TO SUFFER IN . NEEDLESSLY!
SIC EM - "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" - "DONNIE THE DUNCE DON!" . . SIC EM - "HOT STUFF!"
. . "CAN YOU IMAGINE - WHAT A JUMP - TRUMP & PENCE - WOULD HAVE HAD IF. . . .
. . THEY HAD - NOT - RELEASED - "NAKITA KILLER CORONAVIRUS!" . . . .
. . IT WOULD HAVE BEEN . . LIKE IT. . "NEVER" . . HAPPENED!. . WOULD SOMEONE . .
. . PLEASE EXPLAIN THIS TO . . . "DONNIE THE DUNCE DON, SLUT TO VLAD!"
. . CAN YOU IMAGINE - WHAT A JUMP - AL GORE'S - SUSTAINABLE INITIATIVES
. . WOULD HAVE HAD - IF - CHENEY, BUSH, RUMSFELD AND ROVE . . . HAD NOT. .
. . STOLE THE ELECTION. . DID 9/11. . DID IRAQ AND AFGHANISTAN WARS. . .
. . WOULD SOMEONE MAKE SURE CHENEY GOT THE LAST DUMP TRUCK OF GOLD!
. . CHENEY STOLE $300 BILLION IN GOLD, TRILLIONS IN MARKET TRICKS. . .
. . . . TENS TO HUNDREDS OF TRILLIONS IN WAR SPENDING FOR THE POLICE STATE
. . . . TO BUILD THEIR UNDERGROUND CITIES AND STUFF THE WAR LORDS POCKETS
. . JOE BAMA GAVE TRILLIONS TO THE BILLIONAIRES!. . AND WILL AGAIN! . . .
. . JOE BAMA EXPANDED THE LAWS INSURING . . THE GLOBAL POLICE STATE!. . .
. . JOE BAMA SKYROCKETED INVESTMENTS INTO "FRACK BABY FRACK!" . . .
. . . . DOING LITTLE TO DEVELOP - A SUSTAINABLE HUMANE EGALITARIAN SOCIETY!
. . . . "THE SHE MATRIARCAL NORDIC MODEL / SOCIETIES!" . . . . . .
. . TRUMP GAVE $2 TRILLION TO BILLIONAIRE RUTHLESS SLAVE OWNERS! . .
. . . . TRILLIONS MORE TO FOSSIL EVIL BUSINESSES INSURING ENVIRONMENTAL HELL! . .
. . . . BILLIONS MORE TO "TRUMPS SLUTS" AFTER RELEASING "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS!"
. . . . "THE CORONAVIRUS - FLEECING BILLS!". . . . . WEE . . . . .
. . . . "JUST LIKE THE GREAT RECESSION - FLEECING BILLS!" . . CAN YOU IMAGINE! . .
. . . . TRILLIONS . . . SOON TO BE . . "TENS OF TRILLIONS" . . TO . . . . . .
. . . . "BAILOUT THE RICH" - - "KILL THE LIBERAL REST!" . . . . .
. . . "SOCIALISM FOR THE RICH!" - - "CORPORATE STATE SOCIALISM!" . . WHILE . . .
. . . "THE REST" - "NO HEALTHCARE!" ". . "NO MEDICARE FOR ALL!" . . . . .
. . . "DEATH TO THE REST!" . . WEEEEEEE!
. . "ALL FOR THE RUTHLESS RICH!" - - "RAPE THE REST - RUTHLESSLY!" . . .
. . . . WHILE THOUSANDS TO MILLIONS HAVE DIED! . . ALREADY! . . . . .
. . . . MILLIONS . . SOON . . BILLIONS MORE WILL DIE HORRIFIC DEATHS!
. . ENJOY - "THE HELL OF ALL HELLS" - YOUR EVIL GREED CAUSED - FOR - ETERNITY!
. . "THANK GOD!" - - "It Is THE END!"
4/24/20 - THE PRIMARY DRUG I HAD HOPE FOR - "REMDESIVIR" - DUE TO - GILEAD'S STATEMENTS - SURPRISE SURPRISE - TURNS OUT TO BE INEFFECTIVE!
. . . ON THE POSITIVE SIDE - IT DID NOT KILL - OVER - TWICE AS MANY PEOPLE!
. . . AS "EVIL TOTALITARIAN DESPOT DONNIE THE DUNCE'S MIRACLE DRUG!"
. . . "HYDROXYCLOROQUINE!"
New data on Gilead’s remdesivir, released by accident, show no benefit for coronavirus patients. Company still sees reason for hope
By ED SILVERMAN @Pharmalot, ADAM FEUERSTEIN @adamfeuerstein, and MATTHEW HERPER @matthewherper
APRIL 23, 2020
The antiviral medicine remdesivir from Gilead Sciences failed to speed the improvement of patients with Covid-19 or prevent them from dying, according to results from a long-awaited clinical trial conducted in China. Gilead, however, said the data suggest a “potential benefit.”
A summary of the study results was inadvertently posted to the website of the World Health Organization and seen by STAT on Thursday, but then removed.
“A draft manuscript was provided by the authors to WHO and inadvertently posted on the website and taken down as soon as the mistake was noticed. The manuscript is now undergoing peer review and we are waiting for a final version before WHO comments on it,” said WHO spokesperson Daniela Bagozzi.
SIC EM - "NAKITA KILLER CORONAVIRUS" - AND - "HOT STUFF" . . . . . .
. ."THE SIBERIAN METHANE MONSTER!" . . ISN'T SHE BEAUTIFUL, SHE CAUSES .
. ."THE BIG RED BLOBS" - - ON THE - TEMPERATURE ANOMALY MAPS BELOW!
. . .OMG! . . "THE BIG RED BLOBS" . . "HOT STUFF" . . IS COVERING ALL OF . . .
. . . "THE EAST SIBERIAN ARCTIC SHELF (ESAS)" - SIBERIA - AND - RUSSIA!
. . . DUE TO . . "THE REDUCTION IN GLOBAL DIMMING" . . CAUSED BY . .
. . . "THE GLOBAL DEFLATIONARY GREAT DEPRESSION!". . .AND DUE TO . .
. . . . AN - "ICE FREE ARCTIC" - "BLUE OCEAN ARCTIC" - BY 9/2021 . . .
. . . . "HOT STUFF" - WILL - EXPLODE!. . CAUSING A MASSIVE SPIKE IN . .
. . . . GLOBAL MEAN AVERAGE TEMPERATURES - GMAT - BY 2022!
. . . . "THE BIG RED BLOBS" - "HOT STUFF" - WILL - ENGULF . . . .
. . . . . "THE TOP OF THE GLOBE!" . . . BY 2022! THIS WILL RESULT IN . . .
. . . . . BURNING UP AND FLOODING - THE WORLD'S FOOD SUPPLY!
. . . . . WITH THE HELP OF - "NAKITA KILLER CORONAVIRUS" . . AND . . .
. . . . . MANY MORE - PANDEMICS - RELEASED AND NATURALLY OCCURING!
. . . . . "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!"
IS THIS "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!?" "MEDICARE FOR ALL!" OR "CORONAVIRUS FOR ALL!" "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" CAUSES GREAT DEPRESSION - REDUCTION IN "GLOBAL DIMMING!" CAUSES CLIMATE CHANGE HELL ON EARTH! "It Is THE END!"
. . . . OVER A HUNDRED MILLION WILL DIE THIS YEAR!. . INCREASING TO . .
. . . . . 250 MILLION DEATHS PER YEAR BY 2022 . . . . PEAKING AT . . .
. . . . . 1 BILLION OR MORE DEATHS BY 2030! . . . .
. . . . . "GET YOUR SUCK BAGS NOW!" . . . . . READ MY RECENT POST . . .
"GET YOUR SUCK BAGS NOW!" EVIL TRUMP PENCE - RIGHT WING - INSURE - "THE MOST HORRIFIC CASE" - 10 MILLION PLUS US DEATHS! EVIL IDIOTS! "THE HAMMER AND THE DANCE!" MARKET OR GOVERNMENT PRICING AND ALLOCATION?! "THANK GOD!" - - "It Is THE END!"
. . . . "HOT STUFF" - WILL CAUSE - SUPER EXPONENTIAL GROWTH OF . . . .
. . . . . ICE LOSS IN ANTARCTICA, GREENLAND, AND THE ARCTIC! WHICH . . .
. . . . . WILL CAUSE - SUPER EXPONENTIAL GROWTH - OF - SEA LEVEL RISE!
. . . . . BY 2022-2025! . . AT THE SAME TIME - "HOT STUFF" - WILL CAUSE . .
. . . . . "THE MONSTER SUPER STORMS!" . . COMBINED WITH . . . . .
. . . . . . MASSIVE SEA LEVEL RISE . . AND . . HORRIFIC STORM SURGE . . . . . .
. . . . . "WILL" - IMPLODE AND EXPLODE . . . OCEAN BASED NUCLEAR REACTORS!
. . . . . NOTABLY - TURKEY POINT, FL THE GULF IN THE US, FUKUSHIMA / JAPAN!
. . . . . THE RADIATION FROM WHICH - WILL - GO UP TO SIBERIA AND EXPLODE
. . . . . . "HOT STUFF" - - "THE SIBERIAN METHANE MONSTER" . . UNTIL . . . . . .
. . . . . . "THANK GOD!" - - "It Is THE END!" . . . BY 2040!
SIC EM - "NAKITA CORONA VIRUS" - "DONNIE THE DUNCE DON!" . . SIC EM - "HOT STUFF!"
4/23/20 - "OPEN THE US!" . . DYING FROM - "THE VIRUS"
. . IS LESS HORRIFIC THAN . . . DYING FROM . . . . . .
. . "HUNGER" - OR FROM - "ABRUPT CLIMATE CHANGE!" . .
. . "HELL ON EARTH!"
APRIL 22, 2020
Trump and Fox News Are Suddenly Silent on Their “Miracle” Drug Hydroxychloroquine
Their reckless promotion flew in the face of expert warnings.
After aggressively promoting an anti-malaria drug as a “miracle” in the fight against COVID-19—a push that flew in the face of repeated warnings from experts—President Donald Trump and Fox News personalities suddenly appear to be cooling on hydroxychloroquine just as a new study reports the drug could lead to a higher death rate.
Trump Says U.S. Has Stockpiled 29M Hydroxychloroquine Pills Amid Pandemic: 'It May Not Work, Then Again, It May'
Study finds no benefit, higher death rate in patients taking hydroxychloroquine for Covid-19
By Elizabeth Cohen and Dr. Minali Nigam, CNN
Updated 9:46 PM ET, Tue April 21, 2020
(CNN)Coronavirus patients taking hydroxychloroquine, a treatment touted by President Trump, were no less likely to need mechanical ventilation and had higher deaths rates compared to those who did not take the drug, according to a study of hundreds of patients at US Veterans Health Administration medical centers.
In the study of 368 patients, 97 patients who took hydroxychloroquine had a 27.8% death rate. The 158 patients who did not take the drug had an 11.4% death rate.
"An association of increased overall mortality was identified in patients treated with hydroxychloroquine alone. These findings highlight the importance of awaiting the results of ongoing prospective, randomized, controlled studies before widespread adoption of these drugs," wrote the authors, who work at the Columbia VA Health Care System in South Carolina, the University of South Carolina and the University of Virginia.
Head of Coronavirus Vaccine Research Says He Was Demoted for Questioning Drug Favored by Trump
‘SCIENCE NOT CRONYISM’
Dr. Rick Bright said he believed he was dismissed from his post for advocating for stringent testing of the drug Trump has called a possible coronavirus cure.
Blake Montgomery Sam Stein Politics Editor
Updated Apr. 22, 2020 10:51PM ET / Published Apr. 22, 2020 5:15PM ET
The doctor in charge of the federal agency overseeing research into a coronavirus vaccine said on Wednesday he was forced out of the job after questioning the efficacy of an anti-malarial drug favored by the president.
Dr. Rick Bright was “involuntarily transferred” last week from the Department of Health and Human Services’ Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) to a role with fewer responsibilities at the National Institutes of Health after advocating for more stringent study of hydroxychloroquine, according to a statement from his lawyer, as first reported by The New York Times.
“Science—not politics or cronyism—has to lead the way,” Bright said in the statement. “Science, in service to the health and safety of the American people, must always trump politics.”
Bright has served as head of BARDA since 2016. Prior to running the agency, he led its Influenza and Emerging Infectious Diseases Division, according to the medical publication STAT, and worked at private sector biotechnology companies.
During Wednesday’s White House coronavirus briefing, President Donald Trump said of Bright, “Never heard of him.” Asked whether Bright was pushed out, Trump said, “Maybe he was, maybe he wasn’t. I don’t know who he is.”
4/22/20 - COVID-19 THAT IS SPREAD IN - LAS VEGAS - SPREADS GLOBALLY - YOU STUPID MAYOR!
THE CRITICAL TWO ITEMS TO OPEN VEGAS:
1. TEST EVERY EMPLOYEE WHEN THE ARRIVE TO WORK. WITH 15 MIN TEST RESULTS!
2. N95 FACE MASKS FOR EVERY EMPLOYEE!. . . . A NEW ONE EVERY DAY!
. . . . "WHAT IS - CONTRACTED - IN - LAS VEGAS!". . . . SPREADS GLOBALLY!
ACTUALLY - THEY SHOULD HAVE - MANDATORY - TESTING - AT THE BEGINNING AND THE END OF EVERY SHIFT! FOR ALL WORKERS!
. . . . . . THEN THEY SHOULD - "CONTACT TRACE" - ALL TESTED POSITIVE AT THE END OF THEIR SHIFTS! THEY ALREADY HAVE SECURITY VIDEO EVERYWHERE!
THEN - WHEN - "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" - EXPLODES. . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . THEY WILL KNOW WHERE IT CAME FROM . . . AND . . . . .
. . . . . . HOW IT HAS . . . SPREAD . . . GLOBALLY! . . . .
. . . . . . "WHAT IS CONTRACTED IN VEGAS, FLORIDA, AND TEXAS!"
. . . . . . "SPREADS GLOBALLY!" . . YES! . . KILL US EVIL RICH FUCKS!
4/22/20 - The head of the UN food agency is warning that, as the world is dealing with the coronavirus pandemic, it is also “on the brink of a hunger pandemic.”
By EDITH M. LEDERER Associated Press
April 21, 2020, 10:43 AM
UNITED NATIONS -- The head of the U.N. food agency warned Tuesday that, as the world is dealing with the coronavirus pandemic, it is also “on the brink of a hunger pandemic” that could lead to . . . . . .
. . . . . “multiple famines of biblical proportions” within a few months if immediate action isn’t taken.
World Food Program Executive Director David Beasley told the U.N. Security Council that even before COVID-19 became an issue, he was telling world leaders that “2020 would be facing the worst humanitarian crisis since World War II.” That’s because of wars in Syria, Yemen and elsewhere, locust swarms in Africa, frequent natural disasters and economic crises including in Lebanon, Congo, Sudan and Ethiopia, he said.
Beasley said today 821 million people go to bed hungry every night all over the world, a further 135 million people are facing “crisis levels of hunger or worse,” and a new World Food Program analysis shows that as a result of COVID-19 an additional . . . . . . .
. . . . . . 130 million people “could be pushed to the brink of starvation by the end of 2020.”
. . . . . . ROUGHLY MY GUESSTIMATE AS WELL!
AS ONE AFRICAN WOMAN SCREAMED - "WE WOULD RATHER. . . . . .
. . . . . "DIE FROM - THE VIRUS!" . . . . . THAN . . . . .
. . . . ."DIE FROM - HUNGER!". . . . . I AGREE! . . . . . . .
. . . . OPEN - "SATAN'S STATES OF EVIL GREED!" . . . WE WOULD RATHER . . .
. . . . . "DIE FROM - THE VIRUS!" . . . THAN . . . . .
. . . . . . "DIE FROM - ABRUPT CLIMATE CHANGE" - "HELL ON EARTH!"
4/21/20 - WHAT IS THE REINFECTION RATE? R0? CALLED THE - R NOUGHT? . . . .
THE ARTICLE BELOW CONFIRMS HOW TRANSMISSIBLE COVID-19 CAN BE!. . . . . . . .
. . . . . WHERE - ONE - "ASYMPTOMATIC SUPER SPREADER" - GAVE - COVID-19 . . .
. . . . . TO 9 OTHER PEOPLE AT A RESTAURANT - OVER DINNER - IN ONE NIGHT!
. . . . NOW THAT IS WHAT I CALL - "CONTAGIOUS!" . . . . . . .
. . . . IF ONE - "ASYMPTOMATIC SUPER SPREADER" - CAN GIVE IT TO 9 PEOPLE IN JUST OVER AN HOUR, IMAGINE HOW MANY PEOPLE THAT THEY CAN GIVE IT TO OVER 2 TO 4 WEEKS, WHILE THEY ARE INFECTED!? TENS TO HUNDREDS!
. . . . WHEN GOVERNOR CUOMO OF NEW YORK SAYS THAT THE REINFECTION RATE IN THE STATE OF NEW YORK IS LESS THAN ONE! R0 < 1 - MEANING THAT OVER THE LIFE OF HAVING COVID-19, THAT THE AVERAGE PERSON IN NEW YORK IS INFECTING ONLY ON AVERAGE LESS THAN ONE PERSON! . . . . . .
. . . . DO YOU UNDERSTAND WHY - NOW - I BELIEVE THAT IS . . . NON-SCIENCE!?
. . . . CAN YOU UNDERSTAND WHY I BELIEVE THAT THE REINFECTION RATE IS VERY HIGH!
THE ONLY WAY TO STOP SUCH A - "HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS" - "VERY DEADLY" VIRUS IS TO:
. . . . . "STAY AT HOME!" . . . . .
. . . . . THIS IS THE ONLY WAY TO STOP SUCH A CONTAGIOUS DEADLY VIRUS!
. . . . "THE ONLY WAY TO KILL THE VIRUS" - IS TO:
1. HAVE EVERYONE WEAR MASKS - EFFECTIVELY - TO STOP THE SPREADING!
2. HAVE EVERYONE TESTED FOR THE VIRUS AND ANTIBODIES REGULARLY! AS THERE ARE LOTS OF "ASYMPTOMATIC SPREADERS" AND "ASYMPTOMATIC SUPER SPREADERS!"
3. HAVE ALL PEOPLE TESTED POSITIVE FOR COVID-19 - "ISOLATED" - UNTIL 2 WEEKS AFTER 2 SEQUENTIAL NEGATIVE TESTS! AT LEAST 2 WEEKS OF "QUARANTINE!"
4. TRACE CONTACTS OF - THOSE TESTED POSITIVE! "QUARANTINE" THEM FOR 2 WEEKS!
5. FULLY STOCK HOSPITALS WITH PROFESSIONALS, PPE, MEDICINES AND RESPIRATORS!
. . . . PUTTING PEOPLE BACK TO WORK - WITHOUT THESE FIVE CRITICAL ITEMS INSURES
. . . . THE DEATH OF MILLIONS TO BILLIONS - IN THE US - AND GLOBALLY!
. . . . .WATCH CONTAGION - THE MOVIE! . . . "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" . . IS THE. . . .
. . . . THE KILLER OF - "THE ELDERLY, WEAK, POOR, UNDOCUMENTED, COMPROMISED!"
. . . . THE PERFECT - EVIL RIGHT WING - SATAN'S MAFIA . . . . .
. . . . "GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND GLOBAL POLICE STATE AGENDA" - - KILLER VIRUS!
. . . . EITHER - DELIBERATELY! . . . . WHICH I BELIEVE IT WAS - BY . . . . . .
. . . . "PURE EVIL DONNIE THE DUNCE DON - SLUT TO VLAD" . . . AND . . . . . .
. . . . "PENCE - THE ANTI-CHRIST!" . . . . PROPHECY FORETOLD! . . . .
. . . . OR WAS IT BY GOOD FORTUNE! . . . . SATAN . . . . MY BROTHER. . . . . . .
. . . . THE EVIL ONE SENT EVIL DONNIE THE DUNCE AND PENCE THE ANTICHRIST A GIFT!
. . . . BOTH . . . . DELIBERATELY RELEASED . . AND . . . .
. . . OVERPOPULATION DRIVEN PANDEMIC VIRUSES . . . .
. . . ARE GOING TO CONTINUE TO OCCUR! . . . UNTIL. . . "It Is THE END!" . . . .
. . . . "NAKITA KILLER CORONAVIRUS" UNTIL A CURE! AND MANY MORE!
. . . . REMEMBER - ROBERT THOMAS MALTHUS - IN 1789! . . .
. . . . PROPOSED - "THE BUBONIC PLAGUE" - AS THE SOLUTION TO . . .
. . . . "OVER POPULATION" DRIVEN - "HELL ON EARTH!"
. . . . . I HAVE BEEN EXPECTING - "THE HELL OF ALL HELLS" . . . .
. . . . ON - "PLANET EVIL GREED" - SINCE FIRST QUARTER OF 1980!. . . .
. . . . . I WAS WORRIED ABOUT HAVING - THE HUNGER GAMES, ELYSIUM, ETC.
. . . . . BY 2030! THIS WAS FORECAST BY - "THE LIMITS TO GROWTH!" IN 1972!
. . . . . THESE EVIL BEASTS - AND - MY FATHER AND I . . HAVE BEEN EXPECTING
. . . . . "HELL OF ALL HELLS" - ON - PLANET EVIL GREED! TO BEGIN BY 2020!
. . . . . DUE TO - THE PURE EVIL GREED - OF - THE RUTHLESS EVIL RICH! . . .
. . . . . "SATAN'S MAFIA!" - SATAN'S PURE EVIL MAFIA DONS. . . . .
. . . . . THERE EVIL MONEY SLUTS, LUNATIC DEPLORABLES AND . . . . .
. . . . . ANTI-CHRISTIANS! . . SATAN'S PURE EVIL ONES! . . . . .
. . . . . MY GREATEST FEARS - UNTIL AROUND 2008 - WHEN I LEARNED ABOUT . .
. . . . "HOT STUFF!" - "THE SIBERIAN METHANE MONSTER!" . . . .
. . . . . "THE CLATHRATE GUN FIRING!" AND THE LIKELY . . . .
. . . . . "IMPLOSION AND EXPLOSION OF NUCLEAR REACTORS!" DUE TO . . .
. . . . . "THE COLLAPSE OF GLOBAL SOCIETIES!" BY GUY MCPHERSON . . .
. . . . . WAS THAT ELYSIUM, THE 100, THE HUNGER GAMES. . WOULD OCCUR . .
. . . . . FOR THOUSANDS TO MILLIONS OF YEARS! OMG! NO! . . . . .
. . . . . NOT WITH - "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" - AND - "HOT STUFF!"
. . . . . "THANK GOD!" - - "It Is THE END!"
SWEDEN'S RIGHT WING BENT - PROMPTED THEM TO - TRY - "HERD IMMUNITY" . . .
. . . . . . THE THEORY BEING - GET THE VIRUS - GET THE ANTIBODIES - NOW YOUR SAFE!
THE PROBLEMS WITH THIS APPROACH ARE MANY!
1. COVID-19 IS - HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS AND VERY DEADLY!
2. COVID-19 IS LIKELY TO CAUSE PERMANENT LUNG DAMAGE!
3. THE 175 PERSON STUDY FROM SHANGHAI HOSPITAL OF THOSE THAT HAD - NORMAL CASES OF COVID-19 - THEN WERE TESTED NEGATIVE . . . . . . .
. . . . . ABOUT 30% HAD LESS THAN 500 TITER LEVELS, ANTIBODY LEVELS TOO LOW TO STOP VIRUS!
. . . . . ONLY 2 HAD VERY HIGH TITER LEVELS, SUFFICIENT TO PROVIDE ANTIBODIES.
. . . . . VERY UNCERTAIN - "HERD IMMUNITY" - FROM CONTRACTING COVID-19!
3. 51 SOUTH KOREANS THAT HAD RECOVERED FROM COVID-19 - WERE REINFECTED
. . . . . THE DEATH RATE WAS EVEN HIGHER ON REINFECTIONS! WHY?
. . . . . THE PEOPLE THAT HAD ALREADY CONTRACTED COVID-19 WERE COMPROMISED!
4. REINFECTION WITH - COVID-19 - MAY CAUSE HIGHER MORTALITY - DUE TO - PERMANENT LUNG DAMAGE AND OTHER COMPROMISED CONDITIONS FROM FIRST INFECTION!
MEDIC SEES EVIDENCE OF LONG-TERM LUNG DAMAGE
Dive Medic: Long-term damage to the lungs after infection?The diving doctor and senior senior physician at the Innsbruck University Hospital, Frank Hartig warns of long-term lung damage in divers after a coronavirus infection . With at least six Covid – 19 Patients in Innsbruck who are also divers, Harting observed that their lungs are still severely damaged even five to six weeks after their recovery were – even though the patients felt free of symptoms.
“There is a young person to the 40 years old who got sick because of the infection about a week He comes over a month later, supposedly healthy, for a check. Then the result comes from the X-ray, and I can't believe my eyes, because the patient sitting in front of me should actually be ventilated, “he quotes Austrian “standard”.
Hartig said to the Austrian news agency APA regarding the six divers: “The damage to the lungs is irreversible.” He further emphasized: “They are probably lifelong patients , it is not a question of whether they are diving again or not. “
To what extent these observations can be generalized is currently not clear. Hartig's urgent advice: Who symptomatic of Covid – 19 was ill, should be examined thoroughly before the next dive and X-ray the lungs allow. Otherwise it could be life-threatening for divers under water. Hartig has now published his observations in the diving magazine Wetnotes.
SWEDEN VS DENMARK NORWAY AND FINLAND - THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIETIES
SWEDEN HAS CHOSEN TO DO A - LIGHT SHUT DOWN - TO HOPEFULLY CREATE - "HERD IMMUNITY!" YOU SHOULD BE GETTING THE IDEA THAT - "HERD IMMUNITY" - WITH COVID-19 MAY NOT PROVIDE MANY WITH IMMUNITY, AND MAY KILL MANY MORE!
VERSUS - USING "THE HAMMER" TO STOP THE SPREAD, THEN - "DO THE DANCE" TO KEEP THE SPREAD FROM ESCALATING AGAIN. HOW WELL HAS THIS WORKED?
PLEASE REFER TO MY TWO PRIOR POSTS ON - "THE HAMMER AND THE DANCE!"
THERE ARE A NUMBER OF VIDEOS AND ARTICLES BELOW COMPARING DENMARK VERSUS THE US AND OTHER COUNTRIES. BE SURE TO KEEP READING AND WATCHING BELOW.
COUNTRY TOTAL TOTAL CLOSED DEATHS/ DEATHS/ SERIOUS SER/CR
CASES DEATHS CASES CLOSED 1M POP CRITICAL OPEN CASE
SWEDEN 15,322 1,765 2315 76.2% 175 515 4.2%
DENMARK 7,695 370 5070 7.3% 64 81 3.1%
NORWAY 7,191 182 214 85% 34 58 0.8%
FINLAND 4,014 141 2141 6.6% 25 63 3.4%
USA 803,149 43,635 118,952 36.7% 132 13,951 2.0%
THE PRIMARY OBSERVATION I WOULD MAKE OF THIS DATA ABOVE IS THAT THE - DEATHS AS A PERCENT OF CLOSED CASES IS VERY LOW IN DENMARK AND FINLAND. IT IS MUCH HIGHER IN SWEDEN AND THE US. ALTHOUGH DEATHS PER CLOSED CASES IN NORWAY IS THE HIGHEST, IT APPEARS DUE TO THE SMALL NUMBER OF CLOSED CASES, VERSUS THE OTHER COUNTRIES.
THE NUMBER OF CLOSED CASES ARE THE NUMBER OF RECOVERED CASES, PLUS THE TOTAL DEATHS. WHEN "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" RUNS OVER A YEAR. THIS IS THE DEATH RATE, ALONG WITH THE DEATH RATE PER MILLION POPULATION THAT ARE MOST CRITICAL.
THE DEATH RATE PER MILLION IS THE HIGHEST IN SWEDEN - AT 175 PER MILLION, WHERE THEY HAVE DONE A - "SOFT CLOSE." THE DEATH RATE PER MILLION POPULATION IS THE SECOND HIGHEST IN THE US - AT 132 PER MILLION POPULATION. THE US, I WOULD CLASSIFY AS A - "TRUMP CLOSE." COMPLETELY DISFUNCTIONAL. THE DEATH RATE PER MILLION POPULATION IN THE US IS OVER DOUBLE THAT OF DENMARK, AND EVEN HIGHER VERSUS NORWAY AND FINLAND!
IF - SATAN'S STATES OF EVIL GREED - IS - IMPLEMENTING. . . . . .
. . . . . "THE GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!" . . . . . .
. . . . . . IT APPEARS THAT WE ARE DOING A GOOD JOB! AND THAT. . . . . .
. . . . . . OPENING THE US TO BUSINESS . . . SHOULD INCREASE THIS DEATH RATE!
TO DO - "THE HAMMER" - AND - "THE DANCE!" YOU HAVE TO DO - "THE HAMMER" - LIKE SOUTH KOREA DID! . . . . . . . YOU ALSO HAVE TO DO. . . . . .
. . . . . . "THE DANCE!" MEANING . . . EFFECTIVE . . . "CONTACT TRACING" . . AND . . . . .
. . . . . . QUARANTINING OF THOSE EXPOSED TO THOSE INFECTED WITH THE VIRUS!
. . . . . . EFFECTIVE AND MANDITORY - "ISOLATION" - OF COVID-19 INFECTED! UNTIL . . .
. . . . . . 2 SEQUENTIAL NEGATIVE TESTS, WITH 2 WEEKS OF QUARANTINE! . . .
. . . . . . HAVING ANTI-BODY KITS FOR EVERYONE! AND . . . . . .
. . . . . . "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" TEST KITS, IN ONE DAY, TO EVERYONE!
. . . . . . PLUS, MASKS AND CLEANING SUPPLIES FOR EVERYONE!
. . . . . . NOT TO MENTION: FULLY STOCKED, STAFFED, AND SUPPLIED HOSPITALS!
. . . . THE US IS DOING . . "THE TRUMP CLOSE" . . MAKING TRILLIONS FOR BILLIONAIRES
. . . . . "INSURING THE DEATH OF MILLIONS!"
HIDROXICLOROQUINE - "TRUMP'S MIRACLE DRUG!" VET HOSPITAL LIMITED US STUDY HAD 27.8% DEATH RATE FOR THOSE USING THE DRUG, VERSUS ROUGHLY 11.4% WITHOUT USING IT. SANJI GUPTA OF CNN NOTED SIMILAR FINDINGS FOR OTHER LIMITED STUDIES GLOBALLY. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . WITHOUT ANY BENEFITS!. . . . . NOW THAT IS WHAT I CALL . . . . .
. . . . . . "A TRUMP MIRACLE DRUG!"
. . . . . . KILL US - EVIL TOTALITARIAN DESPOT DONNIE THE DUNCE! AND . . . . . .
. . . . . . PENCE - THE ANTI-CHRIST! KILL US YOU EVIL RIGHT WING SATANIC BEASTS!
REMDESIVIR - APPEARS TO HAVE PROMISING PRELIMINARY FINDINGS. (CLICKIE)
4/21/20 - LESSONS FROM DENMARK VS SWEDEN - THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIETIES - VS . .
. . . . .THE TOTALITARIAN EMPIRES: SATAN'S INVERTED TOTALITARIAN CORPORATE STATE SOCIALIST EMPIRE - THE US - "SOCIALISM FOR THE RICH!" -- "RAPE THE REST!" VS
. . . .THE TOTALITARIAN COMMAND SOCIALIST EMPIRES: XI JINPING'S EMPIRE - AND - VLAD'S EMPIRE!
MY PRIOR POSTS ON "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" (clickie) AND WHY - "NEOLIBERAL WAR TECHNOLOGY AND OIL BASED FASCIST MONOPOLY CORPORATE STATE SOCIALISM / ROT GUT "ALL FOR THE RICH!" "RAPE THE REST!" TOTALITARIAN DESPOTISM / CAPITALISM" - AND "COMMAND SOCIALISM" - ARE - "ALL FOR ME!" - - "FUCK YOU!" ISM! TOTALITARIAN DESPOTISM - OF - ONE VARIETY OR ANOTHER! "ALL FOR ME AND MY WHORES!" - - "FUCK THE REST!" - - "ESPECIALLY DESTROY THE LIVES OF "THE GOOD SOULS!" THE FULL HISTORY IS ON "POSTS" ABOVE! THE MOST RECENT IS THE LAST ONE, THE OLDEST IS THE FIRST ONE:
US anti-lockdown rallies could cause surge in Covid-19 cases, experts warn
Epidemiologist predicts ‘new epidemic surge’ as protesters across the US flout social distancing measures
Adam Gabbatt @adamgabbatt
Mon 20 Apr 2020 20.37 EDT First published on Mon 20 Apr 2020 16.22 EDT
As healthcare workers in Colorado and Pennsylvania staged counter-protests against right wing anti-quarantine rallies that continue to spread across the US, some experts warned such rallies could cause a surge in coronavirus cases.
Several nurses gathered in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, on Monday, where a protest against stay-at-home orders was taking place. The nurses carried signs urging people to go home.
The SEIU Healthcare union said a number of nurses participated, a day after two healthcare workers in Denver blocked a similar protest in an action that went viral online. Anti-lockdown rallies have also been seen in states including Texas, Wisconsin, Ohio, California and Minnesota. Some epidemiologists predict such protests could cause a surge in Covid-19 cases.
Video of the Harrisburg event showed many protesters defying social distancing recommendations. On Sunday a rally in Olympia, Washington state, attracted more than 2,000 people, according to the Seattle Times. Photos showed hundreds standing in close proximity outside the state capitol.
Eric Feigl-Ding, an epidemiologist and public health scientist at the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, tweeted: “2,500 anti-lockdown rally in Olympia, Washington.
“I predict a new epidemic surge (incubation time ~5-7 days before onset symptoms, if any, and transmission to associates around that time, even among asymptomatics)… so increase in 2-4 weeks from now.”
Immigrants Are Bearing the Brunt of the Coronavirus Crisis
Telling the stories of this pandemic through photography. (click for pics!)
By Cinthya Santos Briones, The Nation and Magnum Foundation
The Nation and Magnum Foundation are partnering on a visual chronicle of untold stories as the coronavirus continues to spread across the United States and the rest of the world. Each week we’re focusing on and amplifying the experiences of frontline workers and communities disproportionately affected by the upheaval, all through the independent lens of image makers whose role in recording, collecting, and communicating stories is especially crucial in a time of collective isolation.
This week, photographer Cinthya Santos Briones reached out to friends from Mexican and K’iche’ migrant communities to check in and ask how they’re weathering the crisis. “As we continued to chat,” Santos Briones says, “I realized there was incredible value in the stories surfacing from their updates.”
US needs to conduct 20 million coronavirus tests per day to reopen fully, Harvard report says
BY JUSTIN WISE - 04/20/20 03:42 PM EDT
The U.S. will need to administer 20 million tests for the novel coronavirus each day by mid-summer in order to fully remobilize the economy in a safe fashion, according to new report from a Harvard panel of more than 45 experts in health, science and economics.
The figure far exceeds testing recommendations from other health experts. Former Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Commissioner Scott Gottlieb has said that the country will need to initially conduct up to 3 million tests per week to reopen. A separate estimate from Harvard University researchers says the U.S. must conduct between 500,000 and 700,00 tests per day by mid-May to begin reopening.
The new report, released by Harvard University’s Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics on Monday, emphasized the need for a massive scaling up of testing coupled with a robust contact-tracing program in order to reopen the U.S. in a way that avoids future shutdowns. Its top recommendations include a call for the nation to deliver 5 million tests per day by early June in order to ensure a safe reopening of portions of the economy.
“This number will need to increase over time (ideally by late July) to 20 million a day to fully remobilize the economy,” the authors wrote, cautioning that even that figure may not be high enough to “protect public health.”
The value in dramatically increasing testing is it will “prevent cycles of opening up and shutting down,” the authors argued, adding that the testing output will allow the virus to be adequately managed until a vaccine is developed.
“This Roadmap is the only approach to BOTH contain the virus and ramp back up to vibrant economic life. And, in the long term, it allows us to build an infrastructure of pandemic resilience that will serve us well when the next health crisis or disaster hits, while improving community health,” Danielle Allen, director of Harvard University’s Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics, said in a statement.
A rapid increase in testing capabilities will require both ramping up current efforts and pushing for innovation in testing methodologies, according to the report. The authors assert that the government should consider making investments to “incentivize the private sector to apply ingenuity and speed to develop solutions.”
They said a Pandemic Testing Board established by the federal government could help organize these efforts and help ensure that adequate testing supply is allocated to different communities.
In addition, the report said that an expansion of testing will need to be supported by adding roughly 100,000 contact tracers across the U.S. They also noted that efforts to isolate people vulnerable to the disease must include job protection and necessary health care services.
Testing at a rate of 20 million each day would cost about $15 billion per month, according to the report. Though the authors argue that the cost would fall over time and that it pales in comparison to the overall economic cost of continued stay-at-home orders.
Their call for 20 million daily tests is in line with recommendations from Nobel Prize-winning economist Paul Romer, who said earlier this month that the U.S. needs to administer 20 million to 30 million tests per day.
The U.S. has administered about 4 million tests for COVID-19 as of Monday afternoon, according to the COVID Tracking Project. Vice President Pence said Sunday that the country was averaging about 150,000 tests per day.
Pence and President Trump said last week that the U.S. had reached testing capacity in which states could begin gradually reopening once they experienced a decline in documented cases over a period of 14 days.
State officials have strongly pushed back against those statements. Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan (R) said on CNN on Sunday that it was “absolutely false” to suggest that states had adequate testing supply, noting that shortages have been the number one problem since the virus reached the U.S.
Health officials have continually insisted that the U.S. will need comprehensive testing and contact-tracing programs in place in order to fully reopen businesses. Gottlieb said on NBC's "Today" on Monday that the the country likely wouldn't reach broad-based testing capacity until September.
“If we wait until we have sort of the optimal framework for testing, we'll be waiting until the fall and that's just not going to be possible from an economic, social or public health standpoint,” he said.
How Coronavirus Infected Some, but Not All, in a Restaurant
A limited study by Chinese researchers suggests the role played by air currents in spreading the illness in enclosed spaces.
By Kenneth Chang April 20, 2020 Updated 8:03 p.m. ET
In January, at a restaurant in Guangzhou, China, one diner infected with the novel coronavirus but not yet feeling sick appeared to have spread the disease to nine other people. One of the restaurant’s air-conditioners apparently blew the virus particles around the dining room. (click for article, pictures, graphs and other article links)
There were 73 other diners who ate that day on the same floor of the five-story restaurant, and the good news is they did not become sick. Neither did the eight employees who were working on the floor at the time.
Chinese researchers described the incident in a paper that is to be published in the July issue of the Emerging Infectious Diseases, a journal published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The field study has limitations. The researchers, for example, did not perform experiments to simulate the airborne transmission.
That outbreak illustrates some of the challenges that restaurants will face when they try to reopen. Ventilation systems can create complex patterns of airflow and keep viruses aloft, so simply spacing tables six feet apart — the minimum distance that the C.D.C. advises you keep from other people — may not be sufficient to safeguard restaurant patrons.
The social nature of dining out could increase the risk. The longer people linger in a contaminated area, the more virus particles they would likely inhale. Eating is also one activity that cannot be accomplished while wearing a mask. Virus-laden droplets can be expelled into the air through breathing and talking, not just through coughs and sneezes.
As the C.D.C. now advises, “Avoid large and small gatherings in private places and public spaces, such a friend’s house, parks, restaurants, shops, or any other place.”
On the other hand, all of the people who became sick at the restaurant in China were either at the same table as the infected person or at one of two neighboring tables. The fact that people farther away remained healthy is a hopeful hint that the coronavirus is primarily transmitted through larger respiratory droplets, which fall out of the air more quickly than smaller droplets known as aerosols, which can float for hours.
“I think it’s a well-done study with the limitations of being a field study,” said Werner E. Bischoff, the medical director of infection prevention and health system epidemiology at the Wake Forest School of Medicine in North Carolina. Dr. Bischoff was not involved with the research.
On Jan. 24, a family went to lunch at the restaurant in Guangzhou, a sprawling metropolis in southern China located 80 miles from Hong Kong.
The family had left Wuhan, 520 miles to the north and the hot spot of the initial coronavirus outbreak, one day before Chinese officials imposed a lockdown on the city and the surrounding province of Hubei to slow the spread of the disease.
At lunch, the five members of the family — designated Family A in the paper — appeared healthy. But later in the day, one of them, a 63-year-old woman, experienced a fever and a cough and went to the hospital where she tested positive for the coronavirus.
Within two weeks, nine others who ate lunch on that floor of the Guangzhou restaurant that day also tested positive. Four were relatives of the first infected woman. They could have been infected outside of the restaurant.
But for the other five, the restaurant appears to have been the source of the virus.
Family A’s table was on the west side of the 1,500-square foot dining room, between tables where two unrelated families, B and C, were also having lunch. Family B and Family A overlapped for a period of 53 minutes, and three of its members — a couple and their daughter — became sick. Family C sat next to Family A at the other neighboring table along the same side the room, overlapping for 73 minutes, and two of its members — a mother and her daughter — became ill.
An air-conditioning unit next to Family C blew air in the southward direction across all three tables; some of the air likely bounced off the wall, back in the direction of Family C.
Because the coronavirus had not yet spread widely beyond Wuhan, public health officials were able to trace the recent contacts of Families B and C and determine that the restaurant was the only likely place where they would have crossed paths with the virus.
The researchers did not state in the paper whether any of the other diners who did not contract the coronavirus were members of the three affected families or if they were all customers at 12 other tables. The 73 people were quarantined for 14 days and did not develop symptoms.
“We conclude that in this outbreak, droplet transmission was prompted by air-conditioned ventilation,” the authors wrote. “The key factor for infection was the direction of the airflow.”
Harvey V. Fineberg, who leads the Standing Committee on Emerging Infectious Diseases and 21st Century Health Threats at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, described the report as “provocative and eye-opening.”
He said restaurants should be mindful of the direction of airflow in arranging tables. Germicidal ultraviolet lights could also be installed to destroy floating virus particles, Dr. Fineberg said. And the paper’s findings could have implications beyond restaurants.
“It’s illuminating for the kind of thing we need to keep learning about as we try to configure safe work spaces,” Dr. Fineberg said. “Not just safe restaurant and entertainment venues but where you go to work.”
He Could Have Seen What Was Coming: Behind Trump’s Failure on the Virus
An examination reveals the president was warned about the potential for a pandemic but that internal divisions, lack of planning and his faith in his own instincts led to a halting response.
. . . . . . OR - IS THIS "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA!?" "MEDICARE FOR ALL!" OR "CORONAVIRUS FOR ALL!" "NAKITA CORONAVIRUS" CAUSES GREAT DEPRESSION - REDUCTION IN "GLOBAL DIMMING!" CAUSES CLIMATE CHANGE HELL ON EARTH! "It Is THE END!" (click blue text for prior posts and links)!"
By Eric Lipton, David E. Sanger, Maggie Haberman, Michael D. Shear, Mark Mazzetti and Julian E. Barnes
WASHINGTON — “Any way you cut it, this is going to be bad,” a senior medical adviser at the Department of Veterans Affairs, Dr. Carter Mecher, wrote on the night of Jan. 28, in an email to a group of public health experts scattered around the government and universities. “The projected size of the outbreak already seems hard to believe.”
A week after the first coronavirus case had been identified in the United States, and six long weeks before President Trump finally took aggressive action to confront the danger the nation was facing — a pandemic that is now forecast to take tens of thousands of American lives — Dr. Mecher was urging the upper ranks of the nation’s public health bureaucracy to wake up and prepare for the possibility of far more drastic action.
“You guys made fun of me screaming to close the schools,” he wrote to the group, which called itself “Red Dawn,” an inside joke based on the 1984 movie about a band of Americans trying to save the country after a foreign invasion. “Now I’m screaming, close the colleges and universities.”
His was hardly a lone voice. Throughout January, as Mr. Trump repeatedly played down the seriousness of the virus and focused on other issues, an array of figures inside his government — from top White House advisers to experts deep in the cabinet departments and intelligence agencies — identified the threat, sounded alarms and made clear the need for aggressive action.
The president, though, was slow to absorb the scale of the risk and to act accordingly, focusing instead on controlling the message, protecting gains in the economy and batting away warnings from senior officials. It was a problem, he said, that had come out of nowhere and could not have been foreseen.
Even after Mr. Trump took his first concrete action at the end of January -- limiting travel from China — public health often had to compete with economic and political considerations in internal debates, slowing the path toward belated decisions to seek more money from Congress, obtain necessary supplies, address shortfalls in testing and ultimately move to keep much of the nation at home.
Unfolding as it did in the wake of his impeachment by the House and in the midst of his Senate trial, Mr. Trump’s response was colored by his suspicion of and disdain for what he viewed as the “Deep State” — the very people in his government whose expertise and long experience might have guided him more quickly toward steps that would slow the virus, and likely save lives.
Decision-making was also complicated by a long-running dispute inside the administration over how to deal with China. The virus at first took a back seat to a desire not to upset Beijing during trade talks, but later the impulse to score points against Beijing left the world’s two leading powers further divided as they confronted one of the first truly global threats of the 21st century.
The shortcomings of Mr. Trump’s performance have played out with remarkable transparency as part of his daily effort to dominate television screens and the national conversation.
But dozens of interviews with current and former officials and a review of emails and other records revealed many previously unreported details and a fuller picture of the roots and extent of his halting response as the deadly virus spread:
When Mr. Trump finally agreed in mid-March to recommend social distancing across the country, effectively bringing much of the economy to a halt, he seemed shellshocked and deflated to some of his closest associates. One described him as “subdued” and “baffled” by how the crisis had played out. An economy that he had wagered his re-election on was suddenly in shambles.
He only regained his swagger, the associate said, from conducting his daily White House briefings, at which he often seeks to rewrite the history of the past several months. He declared at one point that he “felt it was a pandemic long before it was called a pandemic,” and insisted at another that he had to be a “cheerleader for the country,” as if that explained why he failed to prepare the public for what was coming.
Mr. Trump’s allies and some administration officials say the criticism has been unfair. The Chinese government misled other governments, they say. And they insist that the president was either not getting proper information, or the people around him weren’t conveying the urgency of the threat. In some cases, they argue, the specific officials he was hearing from had been discredited in his eyes, but once the right information got to him through other channels, he made the right calls.
“While the media and Democrats refused to seriously acknowledge this virus in January and February, President Trump took bold action to protect Americans and unleash the full power of the federal government to curb the spread of the virus, expand testing capacities and expedite vaccine development even when we had no true idea the level of transmission or asymptomatic spread,” said Judd Deere, a White House spokesman.
There were key turning points along the way, opportunities for Mr. Trump to get ahead of the virus rather than just chase it. There were internal debates that presented him with stark choices, and moments when he could have chosen to ask deeper questions and learn more. How he handled them may shape his re-election campaign. They will certainly shape his legacy.
The Containment Illusion
By the last week of February, it was clear to the administration’s public health team that schools and businesses in hot spots would have to close. But in the turbulence of the Trump White House, it took three more weeks to persuade the president that failure to act quickly to control the spread of the virus would have dire consequences.
When Dr. Robert Kadlec, the top disaster response official at the Health and Human Services Department, convened the White House coronavirus task force on Feb. 21, his agenda was urgent. There were deep cracks in the administration’s strategy for keeping the virus out of the United States. They were going to have to lock down the country to prevent it from spreading. The question was: When?
There had already been an alarming spike in new cases around the world and the virus was spreading across the Middle East. It was becoming apparent that the administration had botched the rollout of testing to track the virus at home, and a smaller-scale surveillance program intended to piggyback on a federal flu tracking system had also been stillborn.
In Washington, the president was not worried, predicting that by April, “when it gets a little warmer, it miraculously goes away.” His White House had yet to ask Congress for additional funding to prepare for the potential cost of wide-scale infection across the country, and health care providers were growing increasingly nervous about the availability of masks, ventilators and other equipment.
What Mr. Trump decided to do next could dramatically shape the course of the pandemic — and how many people would get sick and die.
With that in mind, the task force had gathered for a tabletop exercise — a real-time version of a full-scale war gaming of a flu pandemic the administration had run the previous year. That earlier exercise, also conducted by Mr. Kadlec and called “Crimson Contagion,” predicted 110 million infections, 7.7 million hospitalizations and 586,000 deaths following a hypothetical outbreak that started in China.
Facing the likelihood of a real pandemic, the group needed to decide when to abandon “containment” — the effort to keep the virus outside the U.S. and to isolate anyone who gets infected — and embrace “mitigation” to thwart the spread of the virus inside the country until a vaccine becomes available.
Among the questions on the agenda, which was reviewed by The New York Times, was when the department’s secretary, Mr. Azar, should recommend that Mr. Trump take textbook mitigation measures “such as school dismissals and cancellations of mass gatherings,” which had been identified as the next appropriate step in a Bush-era pandemic plan.
The exercise was sobering. The group — including Dr. Anthony S. Fauci of the National Institutes of Health; Dr. Robert R. Redfield of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Mr. Azar, who at that stage was leading the White House Task Force — concluded they would soon need to move toward aggressive social distancing, even at the risk of severe disruption to the nation’s economy and the daily lives of millions of Americans.
If Dr. Kadlec had any doubts, they were erased two days later, when he stumbled upon an email from a researcher at the Georgia Institute of Technology, who was among the group of academics, government physicians and infectious diseases doctors who had spent weeks tracking the outbreak in the Red Dawn email chain.
A 20-year-old Chinese woman had infected five relatives with the virus even though she never displayed any symptoms herself. The implication was grave — apparently healthy people could be unknowingly spreading the virus — and supported the need to move quickly to mitigation.
“Is this true?!” Dr. Kadlec wrote back to the researcher. “If so we have a huge whole on our screening and quarantine effort,” including a typo where he meant hole. Her response was blunt: “People are carrying the virus everywhere.”
The following day, Dr. Kadlec and the others decided to present Mr. Trump with a plan titled “Four Steps to Mitigation,” telling the president that they needed to begin preparing Americans for a step rarely taken in United States history.
But over the next several days, a presidential blowup and internal turf fights would sidetrack such a move. The focus would shift to messaging and confident predictions of success rather than publicly calling for a shift to mitigation.
These final days of February, perhaps more than any other moment during his tenure in the White House, illustrated Mr. Trump’s inability or unwillingness to absorb warnings coming at him. He instead reverted to his traditional political playbook in the midst of a public health calamity, squandering vital time as the coronavirus spread silently across the country.
Dr. Kadlec’s group wanted to meet with the president right away, but Mr. Trump was on a trip to India, so they agreed to make the case to him in person as soon as he returned two days later. If they could convince him of the need to shift strategy, they could immediately begin a national education campaign aimed at preparing the public for the new reality.
A memo dated Feb. 14, prepared in coordination with the National Security Council and titled “U.S. Government Response to the 2019 Novel Coronavirus,” documented what more drastic measures would look like, including: “significantly limiting public gatherings and cancellation of almost all sporting events, performances, and public and private meetings that cannot be convened by phone. Consider school closures. Widespread ‘stay at home’ directives from public and private organizations with nearly 100% telework for some.”
The memo did not advocate an immediate national shutdown, but said the targeted use of “quarantine and isolation measures” could be used to slow the spread in places where “sustained human-to-human transmission” is evident.
Within 24 hours, before they got a chance to make their presentation to the president, the plan went awry.
Mr. Trump was walking up the steps of Air Force One to head home from India on Feb. 25 when Dr. Nancy Messonnier, the director of the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, publicly issued the blunt warning they had all agreed was necessary.
But Dr. Messonnier had jumped the gun. They had not told the president yet, much less gotten his consent.
On the 18-hour plane ride home, Mr. Trump fumed as he watched the stock market crash after Dr. Messonnier’s comments. Furious, he called Mr. Azar when he landed at around 6 a.m. on Feb. 26, raging that Dr. Messonnier had scared people unnecessarily. Already on thin ice with the president over a variety of issues and having overseen the failure to quickly produce an effective and widely available test, Mr. Azar would soon find his authority reduced.
The meeting that evening with Mr. Trump to advocate social distancing was canceled, replaced by a news conference in which the president announced that the White House response would be put under the command of Vice President Mike Pence.
The push to convince Mr. Trump of the need for more assertive action stalled. With Mr. Pence and his staff in charge, the focus was clear: no more alarmist messages. Statements and media appearances by health officials like Dr. Fauci and Dr. Redfield would be coordinated through Mr. Pence’s office. It would be more than three weeks before Mr. Trump would announce serious social distancing efforts, a lost period during which the spread of the virus accelerated rapidly.
Over nearly three weeks from Feb. 26 to March 16, the number of confirmed coronavirus cases in the United States grew from 15 to 4,226. Since then, nearly half a million Americans have tested positive for the virus and authorities say hundreds of thousands more are likely infected.
The China Factor
The earliest warnings about coronavirus got caught in the crosscurrents of the administration’s internal disputes over China. It was the China hawks who pushed earliest for a travel ban. But their animosity toward China also undercut hopes for a more cooperative approach by the world’s two leading powers to a global crisis.
It was early January, and the call with a Hong Kong epidemiologist left Matthew Pottinger rattled.
Mr. Pottinger, the deputy national security adviser and a hawk on China, took a blunt warning away from the call with the doctor, a longtime friend: A ferocious, new outbreak that on the surface appeared similar to the SARS epidemic of 2003 had emerged in China. It had spread far more quickly than the government was admitting to, and it wouldn’t be long before it reached other parts of the world.
Mr. Pottinger had worked as a Wall Street Journal correspondent in Hong Kong during the SARS epidemic, and was still scarred by his experience documenting the death spread by that highly contagious virus.
Now, seventeen years later, his friend had a blunt message: You need to be ready. The virus, he warned, which originated in the city of Wuhan, was being transmitted by people who were showing no symptoms — an insight that American health officials had not yet accepted. Mr. Pottinger declined through a spokesman to comment.
It was one of the earliest warnings to the White House, and it echoed the intelligence reports making their way to the National Security Council. While most of the early assessments from the C.I.A. had little more information than was available publicly, some of the more specialized corners of the intelligence world were producing sophisticated and chilling warnings.
In a report to the director of national intelligence, the State Department’s epidemiologist wrote in early January that the virus was likely to spread across the globe, and warned that the coronavirus could develop into a pandemic. Working independently, a small outpost of the Defense Intelligence Agency, the National Center for Medical Intelligence, came to the same conclusion. Within weeks after getting initial information about the virus early in the year, biodefense experts inside the National Security Council, looking at what was happening in Wuhan, started urging officials to think about what would be needed to quarantine a city the size of Chicago.
By mid-January there was growing evidence of the virus spreading outside China. Mr. Pottinger began convening daily meetings about the coronavirus. He alerted his boss, Robert C. O’Brien, the national security adviser.
The early alarms sounded by Mr. Pottinger and other China hawks were freighted with ideology — including a push to publicly blame China that critics in the administration say was a distraction as the coronavirus spread to Western Europe and eventually the United States.
And they ran into opposition from Mr. Trump’s economic advisers, who worried a tough approach toward China could scuttle a trade deal that was a pillar of Mr. Trump’s re-election campaign.
With his skeptical — some might even say conspiratorial — view of China’s ruling Communist Party, Mr. Pottinger initially suspected that President Xi Jinping’s government was keeping a dark secret: that the virus may have originated in one of the laboratories in Wuhan studying deadly pathogens. In his view, it might have even been a deadly accident unleashed on an unsuspecting Chinese population.
During meetings and telephone calls, Mr. Pottinger asked intelligence agencies — including officers at the C.I.A. working on Asia and on weapons of mass destruction — to search for evidence that might bolster his theory.
They didn’t have any evidence. Intelligence agencies did not detect any alarm inside the Chinese government that analysts presumed would accompany the accidental leak of a deadly virus from a government laboratory. But Mr. Pottinger continued to believe the coronavirus problem was far worse than the Chinese were acknowledging. Inside the West Wing, the director of the Domestic Policy Council, Joe Grogan, also tried to sound alarms that the threat from China was growing.
Mr. Pottinger, backed by Mr. O’Brien, became one of the driving forces of a campaign in the final weeks of January to convince Mr. Trump to impose limits on travel from China — the first substantive step taken to impede the spread of the virus and one that the president has repeatedly cited as evidence that he was on top of the problem.
In addition to the opposition from the economic team, Mr. Pottinger and his allies among the China hawks had to overcome initial skepticism from the administration’s public health experts.
Mr. Pottinger, backed by Mr. O’Brien, became one of the driving forces of a campaign in the final weeks of January to convince Mr. Trump to impose limits on travel from China — the first substantive step taken to impede the spread of the virus and one that the president has repeatedly cited as evidence that he was on top of the problem.
In addition to the opposition from the economic team, Mr. Pottinger and his allies among the China hawks had to overcome initial skepticism from the administration’s public health experts.
Travel restrictions were usually counterproductive to managing biological outbreaks because they prevented doctors and other much-needed medical help from easily getting to the affected areas, the health officials said. And such bans often cause infected people to flee, spreading the disease further.
But on the morning of Jan. 30, Mr. Azar got a call from Dr. Fauci, Dr. Redfield and others saying they had changed their minds. The World Health Organization had declared a global public health emergency and American officials had discovered the first confirmed case of person-to-person transmission inside the United States.
The economic team, led by Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, continued to argue that there were big risks in taking a provocative step toward China and moving to curb global travel. After a debate, Mr. Trump came down on the side of the hawks and the public health team. The limits on travel from China were publicly announced on Jan. 31.
Still, Mr. Trump and other senior officials were wary of further upsetting Beijing. Besides the concerns about the impact on the trade deal, they knew that an escalating confrontation was risky because the United States relies heavily on China for pharmaceuticals and the kinds of protective equipment most needed to combat the coronavirus.
But the hawks kept pushing in February to take a critical stance toward China amid the growing crisis. Mr. Pottinger and others — including aides to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo — pressed for government statements to use the term “Wuhan Virus.”
Mr. Pompeo tried to hammer the anti-China message at every turn, eventually even urging leaders of the Group of 7 industrialized countries to use “Wuhan virus” in a joint statement.
Others, including aides to Mr. Pence, resisted taking a hard public line, believing that angering Beijing might lead the Chinese government to withhold medical supplies, pharmaceuticals and any scientific research that might ultimately lead to a vaccine.
Mr. Trump took a conciliatory approach through the middle of March, praising the job Mr. Xi was doing.
That changed abruptly, when aides informed Mr. Trump that a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman had publicly spun a new conspiracy about the origins of Covid-19: that it was brought to China by U.S. Army personnel who visited the country last October.
Mr. Trump was furious, and he took to his favorite platform to broadcast a new message. On March 16, he wrote on Twitter that “the United States will be powerfully supporting those industries, like Airlines and others, that are particularly affected by the Chinese Virus.”
Mr. Trump’s decision to escalate the war of words undercut any remaining possibility of broad cooperation between the governments to address a global threat. It remains to be seen whether that mutual suspicion will spill over into efforts to develop treatments or vaccines, both areas where the two nations are now competing.
One immediate result was a free-for-all across the United States, with state and local governments and hospitals bidding on the open market for scarce but essential Chinese-made products. When the state of Massachusetts managed to procure 1.2 million masks, it fell to the owner of the New England Patriots, Robert K. Kraft, a Trump ally, to cut through extensive red tape on both sides of the Pacific to send his own plane to pick them up.
The Consequences of Chaos
The chaotic culture of the Trump White House contributed to the crisis. A lack of planning and a failure to execute, combined with the president’s focus on the news cycle and his preference for following his gut rather than the data cost time, and perhaps lives.
Inside the West Wing, Mr. Navarro, Mr. Trump’s trade adviser, was widely seen as quick-tempered, self-important and prone to butting in. He is among the most outspoken of China hawks and in late January was clashing with the administration’s health experts over limiting travel from China.
So it elicited eye rolls when, after initially being prevented from joining the coronavirus task force, he circulated a memo on Jan. 29 urging Mr. Trump to impose the travel limits, arguing that failing to confront the outbreak aggressively could be catastrophic, leading to hundreds of thousands of deaths and trillions of dollars in economic losses.
The uninvited message could not have conflicted more with the president’s approach at the time of playing down the severity of the threat. And when aides raised it with Mr. Trump, he responded that he was unhappy that Mr. Navarro had put his warning in writing.
From the time the virus was first identified as a concern, the administration’s response was plagued by the rivalries and factionalism that routinely swirl around Mr. Trump and, along with the president’s impulsiveness, undercut decision making and policy development.
Faced with the relentless march of a deadly pathogen, the disagreements and a lack of long-term planning had significant consequences. They slowed the president’s response and resulted in problems with execution and planning, including delays in seeking money from Capitol Hill and a failure to begin broad surveillance testing.
The efforts to shape Mr. Trump’s view of the virus began early in January, when his focus was elsewhere: the fallout from his decision to kill Maj. Gen. Qassim Suleimani, Iran’s security mastermind; his push for an initial trade deal with China; and his Senate impeachment trial, which was about to begin.
Even after Mr. Azar first briefed him about the potential seriousness of the virus during a phone call on Jan. 18 while the president was at his Mar-a-Lago resort in Florida, Mr. Trump projected confidence that it would be a passing problem.
“We have it totally under control,” he told an interviewer a few days later while attending the World Economic Forum in Switzerland. “It’s going to be just fine.”
Back in Washington, voices outside of the White House peppered Mr. Trump with competing assessments about what he should do and how quickly he should act.
The efforts to sort out policy behind closed doors were contentious and sometimes only loosely organized.
That was the case when the National Security Council convened a meeting on short notice on the afternoon of Jan. 27. The Situation Room was standing room only, packed with top White House advisers, low-level staffers, Mr. Trump’s social media guru, and several cabinet secretaries. There was no checklist about the preparations for a possible pandemic, which would require intensive testing, rapid acquisition of protective gear, and perhaps serious limitations on Americans’ movements.
Instead, after a 20-minute description by Mr. Azar of his department’s capabilities, the meeting was jolted when Stephen E. Biegun, the newly installed deputy secretary of state, announced plans to issue a “level four” travel warning, strongly discouraging Americans from traveling to China. The room erupted into bickering.
A few days later, on the evening of Jan. 30, Mick Mulvaney, the acting White House chief of staff at the time, and Mr. Azar called Air Force One as the president was making the final decision to go ahead with the restrictions on China travel. Mr. Azar was blunt, warning that the virus could develop into a pandemic and arguing that China should be criticized for failing to be transparent.
Mr. Trump rejected the idea of criticizing China, saying the country had enough to deal with. And if the president’s decision on the travel restrictions suggested that he fully grasped the seriousness of the situation, his response to Mr. Azar indicated otherwise.
Stop panicking, Mr. Trump told him.
That sentiment was present throughout February, as the president’s top aides reached for a consistent message but took few concrete steps to prepare for the possibility of a major public health crisis.
During a briefing on Capitol Hill on Feb. 5, senators urged administration officials to take the threat more seriously. Several asked if the administration needed additional money to help local and state health departments prepare.
Derek Kan, a senior official from the Office of Management and Budget, replied that the administration had all the money it needed, at least at that point, to stop the virus, two senators who attended the briefing said.
“Just left the Administration briefing on Coronavirus,” Senator Christopher S. Murphy, Democrat of Connecticut, wrote in a tweet shortly after. “Bottom line: they aren’t taking this seriously enough.”
The administration also struggled to carry out plans it did agree on. In mid-February, with the effort to roll out widespread testing stalled, Mr. Azar announced a plan to repurpose a flu-surveillance system in five major cities to help track the virus among the general population. The effort all but collapsed even before it got started as Mr. Azar struggled to win approval for $100 million in funding and the C.D.C. failed to make reliable tests available.
The number of infections in the United States started to surge through February and early March, but the Trump administration did not move to place large-scale orders for masks and other protective equipment, or critical hospital equipment, such as ventilators. The Pentagon sat on standby, awaiting any orders to help provide temporary hospitals or other assistance.
As February gave way to March, the president continued to be surrounded by divided factions even as it became clearer that avoiding more aggressive steps was not tenable.
Mr. Trump had agreed to give an Oval Office address on the evening of March 11 announcing restrictions on travel from Europe, where the virus was ravaging Italy. But responding to the views of his business friends and others, he continued to resist calls for social distancing, school closures and other steps that would imperil the economy.
But the virus was already multiplying across the country — and hospitals were at risk of buckling under the looming wave of severely ill people, lacking masks and other protective equipment, ventilators and sufficient intensive care beds. The question loomed over the president and his aides after weeks of stalling and inaction: What were they going to do?
The approach that Mr. Azar and others had planned to bring to him weeks earlier moved to the top of the agenda. Even then, and even by Trump White House standards, the debate over whether to shut down much of the country to slow the spread was especially fierce.
Always attuned to anything that could trigger a stock market decline or an economic slowdown that could hamper his re-election effort, Mr. Trump also reached out to prominent investors like Stephen A. Schwarzman, the chief executive of Blackstone Group, a private equity firm.
“Everybody questioned it for a while, not everybody, but a good portion questioned it,” Mr. Trump said earlier this month. “They said, let’s keep it open. Let’s ride it.”
In a tense Oval Office meeting, when Mr. Mnuchin again stressed that the economy would be ravaged, Mr. O’Brien, the national security adviser, who had been worried about the virus for weeks, sounded exasperated as he told Mr. Mnuchin that the economy would be destroyed regardless if officials did nothing.
Soon after the Oval Office address, Dr. Scott Gottlieb, the former commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration and a trusted sounding board inside the White House, visited Mr. Trump, partly at the urging of Jared Kushner, the president’s son-in-law. Dr. Gottlieb’s role was to impress upon the president how serious the crisis could become. Mr. Pence, by then in charge of the task force, also played a key role at that point in getting through to the president about the seriousness of the moment in a way that Mr. Azar had not.
But in the end, aides said, it was Dr. Deborah L. Birx, the veteran AIDS researcher who had joined the task force, who helped to persuade Mr. Trump. Soft-spoken and fond of the kind of charts and graphs Mr. Trump prefers, Dr. Birx did not have the rough edges that could irritate the president. He often told people he thought she was elegant.
On Monday, March 16, Mr. Trump announced new social distancing guidelines, saying they would be in place for two weeks. The subsequent economic disruptions were so severe that the president repeatedly suggested that he wanted to lift even those temporary restrictions. He frequently asked aides why his administration was still being blamed in news coverage for the widespread failures involving testing, insisting the responsibility had shifted to the states.
During the last week in March, Kellyanne Conway, a senior White House adviser involved in task force meetings, gave voice to concerns other aides had. She warned Mr. Trump that his wished-for date of Easter to reopen the country likely couldn’t be accomplished. Among other things, she told him, he would end up being blamed by critics for every subsequent death caused by the virus.
Within days, he watched images on television of a calamitous situation at Elmhurst Hospital Center, miles from his childhood home in Queens, N.Y., where 13 people had died from the coronavirus in 24 hours.
He left the restrictions in place.
Mark Walker contributed reporting from Washington, and Mike Baker from Seattle. Kitty Bennett contributed research.
4/19/20 - LESSONS FROM DENMARK VS SWEDEN - THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIETIES - VS . .
. . . . . THE TOTALITARIAN EMPIRES: SATAN'S INVERTED TOTALITARIAN CORPORATE STATE SOCIALIST EMPIRE - THE US - "SOCIALISM FOR THE RICH!" -- "RAPE THE REST!" VS
. . . . . . THE TOTALITARIAN COMMAND SOCIALIST EMPIRES: XI JINPING'S EMPIRE - AND - VLAD'S EMPIRE!
Denmark’s Idea Could Help the World Avoid a Great Depression! . . . . “We are freezing the economy.”
MARCH 21, 2020
While the White House and lawmakers haggle over the terms of an emergency economic-stabilization package, Denmark has gone big—very, very big—to defeat the unprecedented challenge of the coronavirus.
This week, the Danish government told private companies hit by the effects of the pandemic that it would pay 75 percent of their employees’ salaries to avoid mass layoffs. The plan could require the government to spend as much as 13 percent of the national economy in three months. That is roughly the equivalent of a $2.5 trillion stimulus in the United States spread out over just 13 weeks. Like I said: very, very big.
IN SATAN'S STATES OF EVIL GREED - "THE BILLIONAIRES ARE - FLEECING - THE REST!" WHILE . . ."THE REST" . . . . STARVE AND LIVE IN - "THE HELL OF ALL HELLS" - THESE EVIL BEASTS CREATED . . . . . "DUE TO THEIR PURE EVIL GREED!". . . . . .
. . . . . THESE PURE EVIL BEASTS - - "FEAST ON OUR TRILLIONS AND TRILLIONS!" . . .
. . . . . WHILE - "THE POOR, ELDERLY, IMMUNE AND HEALTH COMPROMISED, OVERWEIGHT! "
. . . "THOSE IN NEED!" . . "STARVE, GO BANKRUPT, GET BURIED IN DEBT, EVEN DIE HORRIFIC DEATHS!". . . . . . DO TO THE . . . . .
. . . . "PURE EVIL GREED OF - THE EVIL RICH AND THEIR WHORES!"
. . . . "PURE EVIL - SATANISM!". . .
. . . . "CAPITALISM IS SATANISM!". . . "ALL FOR THE RUTHLESSLY GREEDY!". . . . .
. . . . ."FUCK THE NEEDY!" . . . . . "THE COMPLETE ANTITHESIS OF WHAT CHRIST SAID!"
. . . "EITHER TAKE CARE OF - THOSE IN NEED!" . . . . . OR. . . .
. . . "I WILL FRY YOU IN THE VERY - "HELL OF ALL HELLS" - YOUR EVIL GREED . . . . .
. . . DAMNED. ME! . . . THAT YOUR GREED - DAMNED - ME! . . GOD! . . . TO SUFFER IN!
. . . THAT YOUR EVIL GREED DAMNED MY CHILDREN, MY SPECIES AND WORLD TO SUFFER
. . . "IS WHAT YOU WILL SUFFER FOR ETERNITY!" . . YOUR OWN UNIQUE HELL . . .
. . . "THAT - YOUR PURE EVIL GREED - CREATED!" . . ."YOUR OWN UNIQUE HELL!"
. . . . FOR ETERNITY!. . . THE HELL OF HELLS - YOU - CREATED!
Read: Why the coronavirus has been so successful
This response might strike some as a catastrophically ruinous overreaction. Perhaps for Denmark, it will be. But we are at a fragile moment in American history. The U.S. faces the sharpest economic downturn in a century, and statistics that seem impossibly pessimistic one moment look positively optimistic hours later. In weeks—even days—Denmark’s aggressive response could be a blueprint for how the world can avoid another Great Depression.
To find out more, I corresponded with Flemming Larsen, a professor at the Center for Labor Market Research at Denmark’s Aalborg University, over two days of emails and an hour-long Skype call. The following interview blends those conversations, which have been edited for length and clarity.
Derek Thompson: Could you first give me a sense of what’s happening on the ground in Denmark? What do the streets look like?
Flemming Larsen: Denmark has nearly entirely closed down universities, schools, public institutions, restaurants, museums, cinemas. No assembly of more than 10 persons is allowed. The borders have been closed too.
Thompson: Denmark’s government has announced a very aggressive plan to help workers in the next few months. Tell me what it’s doing.
Larsen: Denmark’s government agreed to cover the cost of employees’ salaries at private companies as long as those companies do not fire people. If a company makes a notice saying that it has to either lay off 30 percent of their workers or fire at least 50 people, the state has agreed to take on 75 percent of workers’ salaries, up to $3,288 per month. (This would preserve the income for all employees earning up to $52,400 per year.)
The philosophy here is that the government wants companies to preserve their relationship with their workers. It’s going to be harder to have a strong recovery if companies have to spend time hiring back workers that have been fired. The plan will last for three months, after which point they hope things come back to normal.
Thompson: So the government is offering to pick up the tab for workers whose employment is threatened by the downturn. Couldn’t companies easily defraud the government and collect the money anyway?
Larsen: Maybe, but the workers compensated are not allowed to work in the period. Workers staying with the company do not receive the 75 percent compensation.
Thompson: Some American economists say the U.S. should copy Germany’s work-sharing plan, Kurzarbeit, in which workers’ hours are reduced and then the government takes on part of workers’ salaries. Is Denmark’s plan like that?
Larsen: Not exactly. In the German plan, the government and the employer share the cost of paying for work. Here, the government is paying companies for employees who are going home and not working. These workers are being paid a wage to do nothing. The government is saying: Lots of people are suddenly in danger of being fired. But if we have firing rounds, it will be very difficult to adapt later. This way, the company maintains their workforce under the crisis and people maintain their salaries. You are compensating people even though they have to go home.
Derek Thompson: The coronavirus will be a catastrophe for the poor
Thompson: I think I understand you, and I’m going to try to summarize, but tell me if this summary is wrong: Denmark is putting the economy into the freezer for three months. You’re saying: We know that all these people won’t be able to work for the next few months. It’s inevitable. Rather than do rounds of firing followed by rounds of hiring, which will delay the recovery, let’s throw the whole economy into a deep freezer, and when the virus winds down we can thaw it out and almost everybody will still be with the company they worked for in January.
Larsen: That’s exactly it. We are freezing the economy. Because otherwise the government is afraid of the long-term damage that this will do to the entire system. The hope is that this will be over in three or four months, and then we can start up society again.
Thompson: What else is Denmark’s government proposing?
Larsen: There are a few things. To prevent the financial sector from shutting down, the state will guarantee 70 percent of new bank loans to companies. This will encourage more lending even in the case of more bankruptcies.
Also, people on unemployment benefits are put on pause. Typically, people have to go to meetings at job centers and make a certain number of job applications to receive jobless benefits. There are a lot of rules. But those rules are suspended for now. There are no requirements. The other part of the pause is that, while you can only be on unemployment benefits for two years in Denmark, people who pass that threshold will still receive benefits. Again, we are freezing everything.
Also, the state agreed to compensate companies for their fixed expenses, like rent and contract obligations, depending on their level of income loss. If they typically sell $1 million in a period, but now they can only sell $100,000, they lose 90 percent of their income. That will qualify them to receive large government help to cover fixed expenses.
Also, the spring payment of taxes for companies have been postponed until autumn, and all public employees will keep their salaries when sent home.
Thompson: This sounds incredibly bold and incredibly expensive. How much does the government expect this is going to cost?
Larsen: The cost is 287 billion DKK. [Over email, we worked out that this is the equivalent of approximately 13 percent of the country’s GDP. In the U.S., that would be about $2.5 trillion.]
Thompson: How does this response compare with what Denmark did during the global financial crisis in 2008?
Larsen: Back then, there was nothing at all at this scale. There was no huge amount of spending. The government was worried about public debt. There was a huge, long debate about whether Denmark should spend a lot of money at all. And Denmark had one of the highest increases in unemployment during the last crisis.
But today, the Danish economy is extremely strong. We have a huge surplus. We have a negative interest rate. There is a lot of public savings. So there is a lot of room to do this now. Also, the political environment has changed. We’ve tried to make higher investments in welfare spending in the last few years.
SURPLUS - WHAT'S THAT?! . . "THE EVIL RICH" - IN DENMARK - HAVE - NOT - FLEECED - "THE REST" - FOR TRILLIONS AND TRILLIONS TO FILL UP THEIR - MEGA YACHTS - PRIVATE ISLANDS AND NEW ZEALAND MANSIONS?! WHILE SPENDING HUNDREDS OF TRILLIONS TO
. . . TAKE OVER THE MIDDLE EAST, VENEZUELA, "CHIP EVERYONE" (last 10 min Zeitgiest)
. . . AND "CANCEL" THOSE THAT - DO NOT - SUCK THEIR DICKS! . . IMPLEMENTING . .
. . . "SATAN'S MAFIA GLOBAL DEPOPULATION AND POLICE STATE AGENDA?!"
AMAZING - ISN'T IT?! . . HOW THE ONLY . . CHRIST CENTERED SOCIETIES . . THOSE THAT
. . . . . "TAKE CARE OF THOSE IN NEED!" . . . THE ONLY . . . .
. . . . . SUSTAINABLE HUMANE AND EGALITARIAN ECONOMIES AND SOCIETIES. . . .
. . . . . "THE SHE MATRIARCAL NORDIC MODEL COUNTRIES!" . . . . .
. . . . . DEVELOP THE ONLY - SANE AND RATIONAL CORONAVIRUS STIMULUS FOR . . . .
. . . . . "THE REST!" . . . . . VS SUPPORTING - - "PURE EVIL POLICIES" OF . . . .
. . . . . . "ALL FOR THE EVIL RICH AND THEIR WHORES!" - - "RAPE THOSE IN NEED!"
THINK OF - MY PROPOSAL TO CREATE - "THE VENUS PROJECT" - GLOBAL PANDEMIC AND END OF WORLD VERSION! ESSENTIALLY - A RENEWABLE ENERGY BASED - SUBSISTENCE AND HEALTH ORIENTED . . . . .
. . . . "RESOURCE BASED ECONOMY!" . . . USING. . . . .
. . . . . . "THE SAVE THE SPECIES" - NON-DEBT BASED CURRENCY!"
Read: How the coronavirus became an American catastrophe
Thompson: It sounds like 10 years ago, there was a debate about stimulus. But today, everybody agrees that you just have to save the economy.
Larsen: Yes. They just want to save the economy. The philosophy is, if we don’t do it now, it will be more expensive to save the economy later. We’ve seen what the virus can do in Italy, in Spain. So I think people are very concerned. We are facing a huge, huge crisis.
Thompson: I have to admit that it’s rather jarring to hear about a country agreeing in a matter of days to do something this big. Your government could spend more than 10 percent of your GDP before July. Meanwhile, in the U.S., we’re still debating the size of government-signed checks that citizens might not receive for several months. There is a profound difference in both the speed and size of the government response.
Larsen: I have to say that the decision-making process in Denmark has been very extraordinary. We have 10 parties in Parliament. From the very left-wing to the really, really right-wing. And they all agree. There is nearly 100 percent consensus about this. And that’s really amazing. People are convinced that it’s wise to do this now.
Many of these policies are made as tripartite agreements between unions, employers’ associations, and the state. That’s because, in Denmark, most labor-market regulation is done by the unions and the employers’ associations. They regulate the labor market mainly through their own collective agreements. To make all this possible, you need the unions and employers’ associations to be a part of these agreements. That is very difficult. But they succeeded rapidly. In a matter of days, this was a signed agreement.
Juliette Kayyem: The crisis could last 18 months. Be prepared.
Thompson: Do you think it’s a good idea?
Larsen: I don’t know. Nobody knows for sure. This is unknown territory. I think it’s a good attempt. If you ruin people’s private lives and companies go bankrupt, it will take years to build this up again. So I think it’s a wise decision.
Listen to Derek Thompson discuss this piece on an episode of Social Distance, The Atlantic’s podcast about living through a pandemic:
Lessons for the United States From International Economic Responses to the Coronavirus
By Trevor Sutton, Jordan Link, and Anna Lipscomb Posted on March 26, 2020, 11:26 am
The rapid spread of COVID-19 is a global crisis on multiple levels. First, and most crucially, it is a public health crisis with the potential to cause billions of infections and millions of deaths if left unchecked. However, it is also an economic crisis. The measures required to contain the virus and prevent catastrophic death tolls will profoundly reduce economic activity and create unemployment and loss of income on a vast scale, while straining already fragile health care systems and social safety nets in every country affected by the pandemic.
Even under the most optimistic scenarios, American workers and businesses will suffer major economic disruption in the coming months. Likewise, the international community is facing these same unprecedented challenges. The economic responses of other governments grappling with the novel coronavirus, especially those at more advanced stages of the outbreak, offer crucial lessons for U.S. policymakers.
The Center for American Progress’ analysis of 18 governments’* coronavirus-related economic measures to date highlights four policy approaches from which U.S. policymakers should learn:
1. Help those who cannot work or have lost income
U.S. policymakers should seek to ensure that workers who experience sudden unemployment or loss of income, or who assume child care responsibilities, have the resources necessary to make it through the crisis. Governments across the globe are assuming unprecedented responsibility to keep individuals from falling into financial ruin.
The governments of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Hong Kong, Australia, Italy, Brazil, and Canada recently unveiled economic stimulus packages with funds dedicated to workers and vulnerable populations. Rishi Sunak, the U.K. finance minister, introduced a spending package to Parliament that allocated 7 billion pounds ($9 billion) for the support of the labor market. This makes Statutory Sick Pay, which entitles people to 94.25 pounds per week ($112), available to workers directed to self-isolate, even if asymptomatic. The United Kingdom also waived “waiting days” for paid sick leave. This move makes sick pay available immediately, rather than after a three-day waiting period, encouraging workers to take sick days if needed rather than risk the spread of the coronavirus. Self-employed workers and those making less than 118 pounds per week ($140) who have COVID-19 or are under self-isolation will have easier access to Universal Credit or Employment and Support Allowance, which collectively provide assistance to working-age people who are out of work, short on income, or cannot work because of illness or disability.
Furthermore, the United Kingdom and Denmark are planning to cover a portion of workers’ wages in the hopes of preventing mass layoffs. The British government will cover 80 percent of the salaries of retained workers—up to 2,500 pounds per month ($2,975)—and Denmark is putting a three-month freeze on its economy, during which it has agreed to cover 75 percent of employee salaries, or up to $3,288 per month. Denmark’s plan is expected to cost 287 billion Danish kroner, or about $41.5 billion. This amount equals almost 13 percent of Denmark’s gross domestic product. The Danish government is also suspending its previous requirements for receiving unemployment benefits.
A number of governments have issued one-time payments to help people during the coronavirus crisis. Hong Kong offered HK$10,000 ($1,289) cash payouts to all permanent residents ages 18 and older. Australia announced an AU$17.6 billion ($10.5 billion) stimulus package, AU$4.76 billion ($2.8 billion) of which will go toward one-time payments of AU$750 ($447) to 6.5 million lower-income citizens as well as other groups such as veterans. According to Prime Minister Scott Morrison, these payments will benefit both the recipients and the economy, as low-income groups are more likely to spend the money; the Australian Treasury estimates that for every $1 spent, there will be a 150 percent return to the economy.
Italy, one of the hardest-hit countries, recently announced its 25 billion euro ($28 billion) “rescue plan” for the economy, which includes about 10 billion euros in support for employment and workers. For example, self-employed or seasonal workers are eligible for a 600 euro ($653) payout in March, and parents may claim up to 600 euros for babysitting.
Brazil plans to inject its economy with 150 billion reais ($30 billion) through existing measures such as social assistance payments and allowing workers easier access to severance funds. France also introduced a 45 billion euro ($49 billion) stimulus package this week, which includes 8.5 billion euros ($9.3 billion) in unemployment benefits for those forced into part-time employment. It also guarantees workers 84 percent of their salaries, paired with a requirement that employers keep workers’ jobs open. The package also includes 2 billion euros ($2.2 billion) for a “solidarity fund” for the self-employed and shopkeepers, which covers both businesses that have been forced to shut down as well as businesses that have lost 70 percent or more of their turnover relative to a year earlier.
The Canadian government plans to spend around CA$12 million ($8.45 million) on the Work-Sharing Program, which assists employers and their workers when they face a downturn in business. The Canadian government’s statement indicated that it is exploring income support for those not currently eligible for Employment Insurance Sickness Benefits.
2. Keep small and medium-sized enterprises afloat
U.S. policymakers should take measures to avoid widespread failure of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) during the COVID-19 pandemic. SMEs are the backbone of local economies, a key source of jobs in many communities, and are especially vulnerable to economic disruption. Public safety measures in many countries have forced restaurants, cafes, gyms, and barbershops to close their doors to the public and limit or curtail their operations, causing a devastating decrease in their revenues. Keeping SMEs above water during the pandemic will be crucial to a rapid economic recovery once the threat of the novel coronavirus recedes.
Europe has shown initiative in protecting SMEs. On March 13, the German government detailed an economic aid package worth at least 550 billion euros ($600 billion) intended to support SMEs and larger companies by offering “unlimited” access to credit from KfW, Germany’s national development bank. A total of 40 billion euros ($43.6 billion) was set aside for affected freelancers and small businesses with up to 10 employees; of that total, 30 billion euros ($32.7 billion) is intended for loans, while 10 billion euros ($10.8 billion) will go toward direct subsidies. On March 23, German Finance Minister Olaf Scholz presented the German Cabinet with a plan for a 100 billion euro ($108.9 billion) economic stabilization fund with access to 400 billion euros ($435.5 billion) in state guarantees to underwrite companies’ debts.
On March 16, French President Emmanuel Macron announced, “No French company, whatever its size, will be exposed to the risk of collapse.” To keep this promise, Macron decreed that the French state will guarantee billions of euros worth of loans, while delaying tax payments and suspending rent and utility obligations for smaller firms. Denmark has similarly declared that the government will guarantee 70 percent of loans given to SMEs whose operating profits have fallen by more than half.
Italy, whose domestic economy is especially reliant on SMEs, announced a large-scale moratorium on debt repayments, including mortgages. Additional measures under consideration include a “guarantee fund” that would provide loans to SMEs, along with compensation for companies whose turnover has decreased by more than 25 percent. The Bank of England has made it easier for small and medium-sized businesses to access loans with lower interest rates.
At the regional level, the European Central Bank announced it will provide loans to commercial banks for lending out to affected groups such as SMEs. In some cases, loans could be available at rates as low as -0.75 percent.
Europe is not alone in seeking to reduce the strain on small firms. On February 12, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced that the government would secure a total of 500 billion yen ($4.5 billion) for emergency lending and loan guarantees to affected SMEs. Likewise, in Taiwan, President Tsai Ing-wen announced a T$60 billion ($2 billion) coronavirus relief package that includes loans for small businesses and subsidies for the tourism sector; South Korea, meanwhile, put forth a 11.7 trillion won ($9.8 billion) supplementary budget that allocates approximately 3 trillion won ($2.4 billion) in child care subsidies and support to SMEs that cannot afford to pay their employees. The plan also provides export-oriented businesses easier access to loans.
Thailand’s Government Savings Bank and Social Security Fund will provide 180 billion baht ($5.7 billion) in soft loans for small and medium-sized firms. Singapore, too, has indicated that its second coronavirus relief package will include support to SMEs and the self-employed.
In Australia, SMEs will receive up to AU$25,000 ($14,900) to cover employee wages, based on tax withheld. The government estimates that this measure will cost AU$6.7 billion ($4 billion) and will occur automatically based on already filed business activity statements.
3. Suspend or reduce tax, mortgage, and rental obligations
U.S. policymakers should adjust policies to relieve the fiscal and tax burdens currently placed on individuals and businesses at risk of defaults. This is already being implemented by other countries in the form of suspended or deferred loan and mortgage repayments, as well as deferral of tax obligations and common expenses such as rent and utilities.
As part of Italy’s plan, affected families may apply to have their mortgage payments suspended for nine months. This mortgage relief plan is intended to support workers who are self-employed or nonsalaried, as well as workers whose earnings have “fallen by more than a third” due to the crisis. Spain has taken similar measures, freezing mortgage payments and prohibiting basic utilities from shutting off service to affected individuals. The United Kingdom even passed emergency legislation banning landlords from evicting tenants during this crisis. Denmark will provide compensation to businesses for their fixed expenses based upon how much income they have lost. France, meanwhile, has suspended the obligation to pay rent and certain utilities for affected SMEs, with exceptions granted where creditors would suffer hardships.
International governments have also acted urgently to provide tax relief. Denmark, for example, announced three tax measures to boost liquidity. Under the measures, large companies will have 30 additional days to pay value-added tax (VAT), while all companies will be granted four extra months to pay labor-related contributions. The Danish government also plans to lift the ceiling on business tax accounts so that corporations won’t have to pay negative interest rates when placing cash in the bank. Meanwhile, Spain has approved tax relief for small and medium-sized businesses and self-employed people that will allow them to defer their tax obligations—including income, corporate, and VAT—for six months without interest.
The Indonesian government plans to waive six months of income tax for individuals in order to strengthen purchasing power, while also allowing firms to delay corporate and income tax payments on the sale of imported goods. These measures will be effective from April 1 and will remain in place for six months. Thailand’s plan similarly cuts the income withholding tax from 3 percent to 1.5 percent for six months, from April to September.
4. Support health care providers
The United States should also consider emulating other governments by providing direct economic support to those on the front line of the COVID-19 response. This means, above all, support to health care providers and workers.
Many countries have devoted sizable portions of their coronavirus economic stimulus packages specifically to the health sector. Around 2.3 trillion won ($1.9 billion) of South Korea’s supplementary budget, for example, will go to medical institutions and quarantine efforts. The United Kingdom and Italy are dedicating 5 billion pounds ($6 billion) and 3.5 billion euros ($3.8 billion) to their respective health care systems. New Zealand has likewise promised NZ$500 million ($292 million) for health services, which will be used to increase the number of health staff, boost intensive care capacity, provide hospital equipment, support primary care and telehealth resources, and aid public health unit coronavirus contact tracing efforts. Similarly, Japan’s 430.8 billion yen ($4.1 billion) stimulus package will include funds to improve medical facilities and ease the supply and demand of face masks.
Some countries have gone further by nationalizing or intervening directly with the health sector. Spain, for example, has nationalized private health care facilities and announced it would requisition face masks and test kits to fight the pandemic. Along the same lines, Japanese Prime Minister Abe invoked a special law granting the government emergency powers to regulate the sale and distribution of face masks in Hokkaido. Under this policy, the Japanese government instructed manufacturers to sell face masks directly to the government, which would then deliver them to residents.
To fill the growing demand for health and social care workers, the U.K. government is allowing nurses, midwives, paramedics, social workers, recently retired health professionals, and even medical students to be registered as regulated health care professionals.
Working within the U.S. systemThe U.S. government has already acted to address some of the fallout of the crisis. On March 18, Congress passed the Families First Coronavirus Response Act, which provides paid sick leave and paid emergency leave to individuals quarantined or otherwise unable to work because of the coronavirus. It also provides supplementary unemployment insurance and food security funding to states. Congress is now aiming to pass a much larger stimulus package. On March 25, the Senate passed a bill that includes a one-time $1,200 payment to individuals, $250 billion in funding for unemployment insurance, a $350 billion small-business rescue plan, and a $130 billion investment in the health care sector. The House is expected to take up the bill on Friday.
In seeking to draw lessons from the responses of foreign governments, U.S. policymakers should take stock of structural differences between the financial, political, and social security systems of other countries and those of the United States. Many of the countries examined here have more centralized and robust social safety nets than those that currently exist in the United States. For example, many European countries have used preexisting national institutions and legal frameworks to ramp up existing substantial unemployment insurance and paid sick leave benefits for those who have lost work or income. Particularly in Europe, these economic features are the consequence of greater union density and, in some cases, a tripartite model of corporate governance in which labor organizations, firms, and national governments all participate.
By contrast, U.S. unemployment insurance programs—and other social welfare programs, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)—are implemented through a complex federalized scheme administered by states with federal oversight. Likewise, the absence of federally mandated sick leave in the United States means that new legislation will be required to extend sick leave to affected workers—as Congress has already done for a segment of U.S. workers on a temporary basis. The U.S. federal system, however, does not make economic measures examined here irrelevant to the United States: In Germany, which also possesses a federal system, Chancellor Angela Merkel has had to work closely with the governments of länder (states), which have in key respects assumed a leading role in responding to the crisis.
Beyond social safety nets, other countries can use state-owned or state-affiliated banks to push through loans and grants to eligible firms on an expedited basis to grant relief to SMEs. In Germany, the state-owned development bank KfW is assisting with the short-term supply of liquidity to companies. By contrast, the comparatively decentralized U.S. banking system means that assistance to SMEs will depend on a larger number of small institutions, which may pose challenges in underbanked rural regions.
Finally, it bears noting that U.S. policymakers may need to seek corporate governance reforms in response to the coronavirus that may be absent from the international discussion. In particular, policymakers may want to consider attaching conditions to corporate rescue packages—such as stock buyback restrictions, worker protections, and executive pay caps—that other countries are not considering because practices that would be affected are already proscribed or uncommon in their jurisdictions. For example, CEO compensation is higher in the United States than in other countries both in absolute terms and relative to average worker salaries. Likewise, labor rights in the United States are far weaker than in most advanced industrial economies.
Reflecting on how other governments across the globe are responding to the economic impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, there are three broad commonalities that U.S. policymakers should consider in crafting their own interventions:
Trevor Sutton is a senior fellow for National Security and International Policy at the Center for American Progress. Jordan Link is the China policy analyst for National Security and International Policy at the Center. Anna Lipscomb is a China research intern at the Center.
* Authors’ note: The 18 international governments considered in this column are: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, the European Union, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Taiwan, Thailand, and the United Kingdom.
4/19/20 - Signs of the End Times
Matthew 24 New International Version (NIV)
3 As Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately. “Tell us,” they said, “when will this happen, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?”
4 Jesus answered: “Watch out that no one deceives you. 5 For many will come in my name, claiming, ‘I am the Messiah,’ and will deceive many. 6 You will hear of wars and rumors of wars, but see to it that you are not alarmed. Such things must happen, but the end is still to come. 7 Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be famines and earthquakes in various places. 8 All these are the beginning of birth pains.
The Day and Hour Unknown
36 “But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son,[f] but only the Father. 37 As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. 38 For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark; 39 and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away. That is how it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. 40 Two men will be in the field; one will be taken and the other left. 41 Two women will be grinding with a hand mill; one will be taken and the other left.
42 “Therefore keep watch, because you do not know on what day your Lord will come. 43 But understand this: If the owner of the house had known at what time of night the thief was coming, he would have kept watch and would not have let his house be broken into. 44 So you also must be ready, because the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect him.
THE FINAL TESTAMENT OF JESUS CHRIST - "The Logical God of LOVE!"
WHEN I SPEAK - AS MY FATHER - I SPEAK FOR MY FATHER! BECOME ONE! - NOW! HIS CHANNEL! LOVE U!
MY ROLE IS AS MY CLOSEST SPIRITUAL BROTHER, JOHN THE BAPTIST, TO PREPARE THE WAY! LOVE U!
PREPARE YOUR SOULS - NOW! BECOME "ONE" WITH "THE ONE!" NOW! THE END IS MUCH CLOSER THAN YOU THINK!
"MY HIS STORY"
LOTS OF VIDEOS - TAKES TIME TO LOAD!
New Topic /Videos Each Post Plus Key Videos
ALL CREDIT FOR TRUTH IS TO - "THE ONE" - THE SUNSHINE BAND AND AUTHORS NOTED. MY CREDIT IS FOR ANY MISTAKES! SORRY!
THESIS SUMMARIES, Key Links SideBar Below
THE NORDIC MODEL & The Final Judgement: Take Care of "Those in Need!" Or Fry in Hell! Christ IS "The First Great SOCIALIST!" Last Warning! SUPPORT THE NORDIC MODEL or FRY Baby FRY! WHEN YOU DIE, BABY, DIE! SOON!
GLOBAL POLICIES TO
SAVE THE SPECIES:
ONE LOVE CLIMATE REFUGEES & PRISON COMMUNITIES
ENCASE NUCLEAR REACTORS - ENCASE POWER POLES - CAP SIBERIAN AND ARCTIC METHANE - TRANSITION TO PRIMARILY SOLAR AND WIND - USING THE SAVE THE SPECIES - NON-DEBT BASED CURRENCY! EFFECTIVELY A NORDIC MODEL / RESOURCE BASED GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY ECONOMY! - NOW!
ALL POSTS (clickie)
"THE LOGIC OF THE GOD OF LOVE!" MEDICARE FOR ALL - CHRISTIAN! CAPITALISM - EVIL!
DO YOU CHOOSE - MONEY OR GOD!
"MY HIS STORY"
ANTARCTICA MELTING RAPIDLY! ANDRILL
2016 VIDEO - 60-75 FOOT SEA LEVEL RISE WITH 400 PPM CARBON, SAME AS TODAY, AND JUST SLIGHTLY HIGHER TEMPS THAN TODAY!
"LIVING GIVING NETWORKS:" THE THEISTIC HUMANISTIC MODEL FOR ACHIEVING -"ONENESS" - WITH - "GOD'S LAW" - TO TAKE CARE OF - "THOSE IN NEED!" TO ACHIEVE "THE SHE MATRIARCAL NORDIC MODEL!" (not a business solicitation)
"BECOMING ONE" CORONAVIRUS HELL ON EARTH! THEN - "HOT STUFF"- IS UNLEASHED!
"GET YOUR SUCK BAGS" NOW! "THE HAMMER AND THE DANCE!" THE MOST HORRIFIC CASE. . . . . "It Is THE END!"
WORLD'S ONLY MAJOR TERRORISTS GROUP!
THE EVIL RIGHT WING!
"AS IT IS IN HEAVEN - SO SHOULD IT BE ON EARTH!" SUPPORT THE ONLY CHRIST LIKE SOCIETY OR FRY IN THE HELL YOU SUPPORT!
RIGGED - The GREAT SIBERIAN METHANE COVER UP!
CAN "THEY" FIX IT? STOP HELL ON EARTH?
"HOT STUFF LIVES?"
The Clathrate Gun Fired
"BERNIE AOC!" OR A RUSSIAN ASSET OR A 9/11 PUPPET!?
FOR FULL SCREEN: Login to Youtube FIRST, then Open My Site, Then Click on Video you Want Full Screen. Now Go To Youtube, Switch Screens, Click on History, the First Is the Video You Clicked On - On My Site! If NOT close All, Repeat Process.
MUST READ and WATCH Viking Economics: How the Scandinavians Got It Right - And How We Can, Too; The Secrets of The Nordic Model, by the same author, and The Nordic Perspective!
US CORPORATE STATE SOCIALISM, Fascist Monopolistic, Homo and Transphobe, Racist, Kleptocratic / Thieves, Oil War Imperialist Focused, "ALL for THE RICH" - - "RAPE THE REST!" Especially Destroy the Lives of the Truly Good People Who Stand against THE EVIL GREED of THE FEW, The Sunshine Band. UNTIL The Horrific Demise of ALL God's Children, God's Species and Wonder Filled World for THE EVIL GREED OF THE FEW . . . .
. . . . is EVIL!
THE NORDIC MODEL: Libertarian Democratic Market Socialism: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, are Sustainable, Humane
and Egalitarian (Think - SHE - The Matriarcal Nordic Model). . .
. . . .it is GOOD!
Vote for THE MATRIARCAL NORDIC MODEL - NOW!
Bernie Sanders & Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez - 2020! VOTE!
MY HEROS OF "THE MATRIARCAL NORDIC MODEL!" BELOW
BERNIE SANDERS AND ALEXANDRIA CORTEZ 2020! IF NOT, JILL STEIN AND ABBY MARTIN - GREEN PARTY - 2020!
MY HEROS, ABOVE:
LESTER BROWN, "WORLD ON THE EDGE," "PLAN B 4.0," EARTH-POLICY.ORG
DR. GUY MCPHERSON, FATHER OF "ABRUPT CLIMATE CHANGE"
DR. JORGEN RANDERS, FATHER OF "THE LIMITS TO GROWTH!" AND, "2052: A Global Forecast for the next 40 Years!"
MICHAEL MOORE - DOCUMENTARIAN - FOR - "JC AND THE SUNSHINE BAND!" EXCEPTIONAL DOCUMENTARIES!
RICK STEVES - THE NORDIC MODEL - THE GOOD LIFE!
EVIL TRUMP! OF "THANK GOD!" - -
"It Is THE END!"
"THE SIBERIAN METHANE MONSTER!"
Watch "THE SIBERIAN METHANE MONSTER" - ABOVE - BURN UP and SUPER STORMS DESTROY Planet EVIL GREED! DAILY! OH BOY, WHAT COULD BE MORE EXCITING THAN THAT!? OK, Her Name is . . . . . . . "HOT STUFF!"
"The Limits to Growth: A Final Warning" tells you about the authors work since the early seventies, my work since 1980, and the stage of the "science of overpopulation analysis." Dr. Jorgen Randers, "2052: A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years," and Lester Brown, "World on The Edge," have portended the fate of the world, due to overpopulation since the seventies! However limited I see their understanding of "abrupt climate change."